can·dle /ˈkændḷ/ 名詞
1. A slender, cylindrical body of tallow, containing a wick composed of loosely twisted linen of cotton threads, and used to furnish light.
How far that little candle throws his beams!
So shines a good deed in a naughty world. --Shak.
Note: ☞ Candles are usually made by repeatedly dipping the wicks in the melted tallow, etc. (“dipped candles”), or by casting or running in a mold.
2. That which gives light; a luminary.
By these blessed candles of the night. --Shak.
Candle nut, the fruit of a euphorbiaceous shrub (Aleurites triloba), a native of some of the Pacific islands; -- socalled because, when dry, it will burn with a bright flame, and is used by the natives as a candle. The oil has many uses.
Candle power Photom., illuminating power, as of a lamp, or gas flame, reckoned in terms of the light of a standard candle.
Electric candle, A modification of the electric arc lamp, in which the carbon rods, instead of being placed end to end, are arranged side by side, and at a distance suitable for the formation of the arc at the tip; -- called also, from the name of the inventor, Jablockoff candle.
Excommunication by inch of candle, a form of excommunication in which the offender is allowed time to repent only while a candle burns.
Not worth the candle, not worth the cost or trouble.
Rush candle, a candle made of the pith of certain rushes, peeled except on one side, and dipped in grease.
Sale by inch of candle, an auction in which persons are allowed to bid only till a small piece of candle burns out.
Standard candle Photom., a special form of candle employed as a standard in photometric measurements; usually, a candle of spermaceti so constructed as to burn at the rate of 120 grains, or 7.8 grams, per hour.
To curse by bell, book and candle. See under Bell.
n 1: stick of wax with a wick in the middle [syn: taper, wax
2: the basic unit of luminous intensity adopted under the
Systeme International d'Unites; equal to 1/60 of the
luminous intensity per square centimeter of a black body
radiating at the temperature of 2,046 degrees Kelvin [syn:
candela, cd, standard candle]
v : examine eggs for freshness by holding them against a light
Heb. ner, Job 18:6; 29:3; Ps. 18:28; Prov. 24:20, in all which
places the Revised Version and margin of Authorized Version have
"lamp," by which the word is elsewhere frequently rendered. The
Hebrew word denotes properly any kind of candle or lamp or
torch. It is used as a figure of conscience (Prov. 20:27), of a
Christian example (Matt. 5:14, 15), and of prosperity (Job
21:17; Prov. 13:9).