burn /ˈbɝn/ 動詞
Burn v. t. [imp. & p. p. Burned (bûrnd) or Burnt (bûrnt); p. pr. & vb. n. Burning.]
1. To consume with fire; to reduce to ashes by the action of heat or fire; -- frequently intensified by up: as, to burn up wood. “We'll burn his body in the holy place.”
2. To injure by fire or heat; to change destructively some property or properties of, by undue exposure to fire or heat; to scorch; to scald; to blister; to singe; to char; to sear; as, to burn steel in forging; to burn one's face in the sun; the sun burns the grass.
3. To perfect or improve by fire or heat; to submit to the action of fire or heat for some economic purpose; to destroy or change some property or properties of, by exposure to fire or heat in due degree for obtaining a desired residuum, product, or effect; to bake; as, to burn clay in making bricks or pottery; to burn wood so as to produce charcoal; to burn limestone for the lime.
4. To make or produce, as an effect or result, by the application of fire or heat; as, to burn a hole; to burn charcoal; to burn letters into a block.
5. To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does; as, to burn the mouth with pepper.
This tyrant fever burns me up. --Shak.
This dry sorrow burns up all my tears. --Dryden.
When the cold north wind bloweth, . . . it devoureth the mountains, and burneth the wilderness, and consumeth the ░░ass as fire. --Ecclus. xliii. 20, 21.
6. Surg. To apply a cautery to; to cauterize.
7. Chem. To cause to combine with oxygen or other active agent, with evolution of heat; to consume; to oxidize; as, a man burns a certain amount of carbon at each respiration; to burn iron in oxygen.
To burn, To burn together, as two surfaces of metal Engin., to fuse and unite them by pouring over them a quantity of the same metal in a liquid state.
To burn a bowl Game of Bowls, to displace it accidentally, the bowl so displaced being said to be burned.
To burn daylight, to light candles before it is dark; to waste time; to perform superfluous actions. --Shak.
To burn one's fingers, to get one's self into unexpected trouble, as by interfering the concerns of others, speculation, etc.
To burn out, (a) to destroy or obliterate by burning. “Must you with hot irons burn out mine eyes?” --Shak. (b) to force (people) to flee by burning their homes or places of business; as, the rioters burned out the Chinese businessmen.
To be burned out, to suffer loss by fire, as the burning of one's house, store, or shop, with the contents.
To burn up, To burn down, to burn entirely.
Burn, v. i.
1. To be of fire; to flame. “The mount burned with fire.”
2. To suffer from, or be scorched by, an excess of heat.
Your meat doth burn, quoth I. --Shak.
3. To have a condition, quality, appearance, sensation, or emotion, as if on fire or excessively heated; to act or rage with destructive violence; to be in a state of lively emotion or strong desire; as, the face burns; to burn with fever.
Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way? --Luke xxiv. 32.
The barge she sat in, like a burnished throne,
Burned on the water. --Shak.
Burning with high hope. --Byron.
The groan still deepens, and the combat burns. --Pope.
The parching air
Burns frore, and cold performs the effect of fire. --Milton.
4. Chem. To combine energetically, with evolution of heat; as, copper burns in chlorine.
5. In certain games, to approach near to a concealed object which is sought. [Colloq.]
To burn up, To burn down, to be entirely consumed.
1. A hurt, injury, or effect caused by fire or excessive or intense heat.
2. The operation or result of burning or baking, as in brickmaking; as, they have a good burn.
3. A disease in vegetables. See Brand, n., 6.
Burn, n. A small stream. [Scot.]
n 1: pain that feels hot as if it were on fire [syn: burning]
2: a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays
of the sun [syn: tan, suntan, sunburn]
3: an injury cause by exposure to heat or chemicals or
4: a burned place or area [syn: burn mark]
5: damage inflicted by burning
v 1: destroy by fire; "They burned the house and his diaries"
[syn: fire, burn down]
2: shine intensely, as if with heat; "The coals were glowing in
the dark"; "The candles were burning" [syn: glow]
3: undergo combustion; "Maple wood burns well" [syn: combust]
4: cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort; "The sun
burned his face" [syn: bite, sting]
5: cause to burn or combust; "The sun burned off the fog"; "We
combust coal and other fossil fuels" [syn: combust]
6: feel strong emotion, especially anger or passion; "She was
burning with anger"; "He was burning to try out his new
7: cause to undergo combustion; "burn garbage"; "The car burns
only Diesel oil" [syn: incinerate]
8: burn at the stake; "Witches were burned in Salem"
9: spend (significant amounts of money); "He has money to burn"
10: feel hot or painful; "My eyes are burning"
11: burn, sear, or freeze (tissue) using a hot iron or electric
current or a caustic agent; "The surgeon cauterized the
wart" [syn: cauterize, cauterise]
12: get a sunburn by overexposure to the sun [syn: sunburn]
13: create by duplicating data; "cut a disk"; "burn a CD" [syn:
14: use up (energy); "burn off calories through vigorous
exercise" [syn: burn off, burn up]
15: burn with heat, fire, or radiation; "The iron burnt a hole
in my dress"