Burn v. t. [imp. & p. p. Burned (bûrnd) or Burnt (bûrnt); p. pr. & vb. n. Burning.]
1. To consume with fire; to reduce to ashes by the action of heat or fire; -- frequently intensified by up: as, to burn up wood. “We'll burn his body in the holy place.”
2. To injure by fire or heat; to change destructively some property or properties of, by undue exposure to fire or heat; to scorch; to scald; to blister; to singe; to char; to sear; as, to burn steel in forging; to burn one's face in the sun; the sun burns the grass.
3. To perfect or improve by fire or heat; to submit to the action of fire or heat for some economic purpose; to destroy or change some property or properties of, by exposure to fire or heat in due degree for obtaining a desired residuum, product, or effect; to bake; as, to burn clay in making bricks or pottery; to burn wood so as to produce charcoal; to burn limestone for the lime.
4. To make or produce, as an effect or result, by the application of fire or heat; as, to burn a hole; to burn charcoal; to burn letters into a block.
5. To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does; as, to burn the mouth with pepper.
This tyrant fever burns me up. --Shak.
This dry sorrow burns up all my tears. --Dryden.
When the cold north wind bloweth, . . . it devoureth the mountains, and burneth the wilderness, and consumeth the ░░ass as fire. --Ecclus. xliii. 20, 21.
6. Surg. To apply a cautery to; to cauterize.
7. Chem. To cause to combine with oxygen or other active agent, with evolution of heat; to consume; to oxidize; as, a man burns a certain amount of carbon at each respiration; to burn iron in oxygen.
To burn, To burn together, as two surfaces of metal Engin., to fuse and unite them by pouring over them a quantity of the same metal in a liquid state.
To burn a bowl Game of Bowls, to displace it accidentally, the bowl so displaced being said to be burned.
To burn daylight, to light candles before it is dark; to waste time; to perform superfluous actions. --Shak.
To burn one's fingers, to get one's self into unexpected trouble, as by interfering the concerns of others, speculation, etc.
To burn out, (a) to destroy or obliterate by burning. “Must you with hot irons burn out mine eyes?” --Shak. (b) to force (people) to flee by burning their homes or places of business; as, the rioters burned out the Chinese businessmen.
To be burned out, to suffer loss by fire, as the burning of one's house, store, or shop, with the contents.
To burn up, To burn down, to burn entirely.
1. That burns; being on fire; excessively hot; fiery.
2. Consuming; intense; inflaming; exciting; vehement; powerful; as, burning zeal.
Like a young hound upon a burning scent. --Dryden.
Burning bush Bot., an ornamental shrub (Euonymus atropurpureus), bearing a crimson berry.
Burn·ing, n. The act of consuming by fire or heat, or of subjecting to the effect of fire or heat; the state of being on fire or excessively heated.
Burning fluid, any volatile illuminating oil, as the lighter petroleums (naphtha, benzine), or oil of turpentine (camphine), but esp. a mixture of the latter with alcohol.
Burning glass, a convex lens of considerable size, used for producing an intense heat by converging the sun's rays to a focus.
Burning house Metal., the furnace in which tin ores are calcined, to sublime the sulphur and arsenic from the pyrites. --Weale.
Burning mirror, a concave mirror, or a combination of plane mirrors, used for the same purpose as a burning glass.
Syn: -- Combustion; fire; conflagration; flame; blaze.
adj 1: producing or having a painfully hot sensation; "begged for
water to soothe his burning throat"
2: intensely hot; "a burning fever"; "the burning sand" [syn: burning(a)]
3: characterized by intense emotion; "ardent love"; "an ardent
lover"; "a burning enthusiasm"; "a fervent desire to
change society"; "a fervent admirer"; "fiery oratory"; "an
impassioned appeal"; "a torrid love affair" [syn: ardent,
burning(a), fervent, fervid, fiery, impassioned,
4: lighted up by or as by fire or flame; "forests set ablaze
(or afire) by lightning"; "even the car's tires were
aflame"; "a night aflare with fireworks"; "candles alight
on the tables"; "blazing logs in the fireplace"; "a
burning cigarette"; "a flaming crackling fire"; "houses on
fire" [syn: ablaze(p), afire(p), aflame(p), aflare(p),
alight(p), blazing, flaming, on fire(p)]
5: of immediate import; "burning issues of the day" [syn: burning(a)]
6: consuming fuel; used in combination; "coal-burning (or
n 1: the act of burning something; "the burning of leaves was
prohibited by a town ordinance" [syn: combustion]
2: pain that feels hot as if it were on fire [syn: burn]
3: a process in which a substance reacts with oxygen to give
heat and light [syn: combustion]
4: execution by electricity [syn: electrocution]
5: execution by fire [syn: burning at the stake]