sub·lime /səˈblaɪm/ 動詞
Sub·lime v. i. Chem. To pass off in vapor, with immediate condensation; specifically, to evaporate or volatilize from the solid state without apparent melting; -- said of those substances, like arsenic, benzoic acid, etc., which do not exhibit a liquid form on heating, except under increased pressure.
Sub·lime a. [Compar. Sublimer superl. Sublimest.]
1. Lifted up; high in place; exalted aloft; uplifted; lofty.
Sublime on these a tower of steel is reared. --Dryden.
2. Distinguished by lofty or noble traits; eminent; -- said of persons. “The sublime Julian leader.”
3. Awakening or expressing the emotion of awe, adoration, veneration, heroic resolve, etc.; dignified; grand; solemn; stately; -- said of an impressive object in nature, of an action, of a discourse, of a work of art, of a spectacle, etc.; as, sublime scenery; a sublime deed.
Easy in words thy style, in sense sublime. --Prior.
Know how sublime a thing it is
To suffer and be strong. --Longfellow.
4. Elevated by joy; elate. [Poetic]
Their hearts were jocund and sublime,
Drunk with idolatry, drunk with wine. --Milton.
5. Lofty of mien; haughty; proud. [Poetic] “Countenance sublime and insolent.”
His fair, large front and eye sublime declared
Absolute rule. --Milton.
Syn: -- Exalted; lofty; noble; majestic. See Grand.
Sub·lime, n. That which is sublime; -- with the definite article; as: (a) A grand or lofty style in speaking or writing; a style that expresses lofty conceptions.
The sublime rises from the nobleness of thoughts, the magnificence of words, or the harmonious and lively turn of the phrase. --Addison.
(b) That which is grand in nature or art, as distinguished from the merely beautiful.
Sub·lime, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Sublimed p. pr. & vb. n. Subliming.]
1. To raise on high. [Archaic]
A soul sublimed by an idea above the region of vanity and conceit. --E. P. Whipple.
2. Chem. To subject to the process of sublimation; to heat, volatilize, and condense in crystals or powder; to distill off, and condense in solid form; hence, also, to purify.
3. To exalt; to heighten; to improve; to purify.
The sun . . .
Which not alone the southern wit sublimes,
But ripens spirits in cold, northern climes. --Pope.
4. To dignify; to ennoble.
An ordinary gift can not sublime a person to a supernatural employment. --Jer. Taylor.
adj 1: inspiring awe; "well-meaning ineptitude that rises to
empyreal absurdity"- M.S.Dworkin; "empyrean aplomb"-
Hamilton Basso; "the sublime beauty of the night"
[syn: empyreal, empyrean]
2: worthy of adoration or reverence [syn: revered, reverenced,
3: lifted up or set high; "their hearts were jocund and
v 1: vaporize and then condense right back again [syn: sublimate]
2: change or cause to change directly from a solid into a vapor
without first melting; "sublime iodine"; "some salts
sublime when heated" [syn: sublimate]