sharp /ˈʃɑrp/ 名詞
1. To a point or edge; piercingly; eagerly; sharply.
The head [of a spear] full sharp yground. --Chaucer.
You bite so sharp at reasons. --Shak.
2. Precisely; exactly; as, we shall start at ten o'clock sharp. [Colloq.]
Look sharp, attend; be alert. [Colloq.]
1. A sharp tool or weapon. [Obs.]
If butchers had but the manners to go to sharps, gentlemen would be contented with a rubber at cuffs. --Collier.
2. Mus. (a) The character [♯] used to indicate that the note before which it is placed is to be raised a half step, or semitone, in pitch. (b) A sharp tone or note. --Shak.
3. A portion of a stream where the water runs very rapidly. [Prov. Eng.]
4. A sewing needle having a very slender point; a needle of the most pointed of the three grades, blunts, betweens, and sharps.
5. pl. Same as Middlings, 1.
6. An expert. [Slang]
Sharp a. [Compar. Sharper superl. Sharpest.]
1. Having a very thin edge or fine point; of a nature to cut or pierce easily; not blunt or dull; keen.
He dies upon my scimeter's sharp point. --Shak.
2. Terminating in a point or edge; not obtuse or rounded; somewhat pointed or edged; peaked or ridged; as, a sharp hill; sharp features.
3. Affecting the sense as if pointed or cutting, keen, penetrating, acute: to the taste or smell, pungent, acid, sour, as ammonia has a sharp taste and odor; to the hearing, piercing, shrill, as a sharp sound or voice; to the eye, instantaneously brilliant, dazzling, as a sharp flash.
4. Mus. (a) High in pitch; acute; as, a sharp note or tone. (b) Raised a semitone in pitch; as, C sharp (C♯), which is a half step, or semitone, higher than C. (c) So high as to be out of tune, or above true pitch; as, the tone is sharp; that instrument is sharp. Opposed in all these senses to flat.
5. Very trying to the feelings; piercing; keen; severe; painful; distressing; as, sharp pain, weather; a sharp and frosty air.
Sharp misery had worn him to the bones. --Shak.
The morning sharp and clear. --Cowper.
In sharpest perils faithful proved. --Keble.
6. Cutting in language or import; biting; sarcastic; cruel; harsh; rigorous; severe; as, a sharp rebuke. “That sharp look.”
To that place the sharp Athenian law
Can not pursue us. --Shak.
Be thy words severe,
Sharp as merits but the sword forbear. --Dryden.
7. Of keen perception; quick to discern or distinguish; having nice discrimination; acute; penetrating; sagacious; clever; as, a sharp eye; sharp sight, hearing, or judgment.
Nothing makes men sharper . . . than want. --Addison.
Many other things belong to the material world, wherein the sharpest philosophers have never ye░ arrived at clear and distinct ideas. --L. Watts.
8. Eager in pursuit; keen in quest; impatient for gratification; keen; as, a sharp appetite.
9. Fierce; ardent; fiery; violent; impetuous. “In sharp contest of battle.”
A sharp assault already is begun. --Dryden.
10. Keenly or unduly attentive to one's own interest; close and exact in dealing; shrewd; as, a sharp dealer; a sharp customer.
The necessity of being so sharp and exacting. --Swift.
11. Composed of hard, angular grains; gritty; as, sharp sand.
12. Steep; precipitous; abrupt; as, a sharp ascent or descent; a sharp turn or curve.
13. Phonetics Uttered in a whisper, or with the breath alone, without voice, as certain consonants, such as p, k, t, f; surd; nonvocal; aspirated.
Note: ☞ Sharp is often used in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, sharp-cornered, sharp-edged, sharp-pointed, sharp-tasted, sharp-visaged, etc.
Sharp practice, the getting of an advantage, or the attempt to do so, by a tricky expedient.
To brace sharp, or To sharp up Naut., to turn the yards to the most oblique position possible, that the ship may lie well up to the wind.
Syn: -- Keen; acute; piercing; penetrating; quick; sagacious; discerning; shrewd; witty; ingenious; sour; acid; tart; pungent; acrid; severe; poignant; biting; acrimonious; sarcastic; cutting; bitter; painful; afflictive; violent; harsh; fierce; ardent; fiery.
Sharp, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Sharped p. pr. & vb. n. Sharping.]
1. To sharpen. [Obs.]
2. Mus. To raise above the proper pitch; to elevate the tone of; especially, to raise a half step, or semitone, above the natural tone.
Sharp, v. i.
1. To play tricks in bargaining; to act the sharper.
2. Mus. To sing above the proper pitch.
adj 1: (of something seen or heard) clearly defined; "a sharp
photographic image"; "the sharp crack of a twig"; "the
crisp snap of dry leaves underfoot" [syn: crisp]
2: ending in a sharp point [syn: acuate, acute, needlelike]
3: having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine
distinctions; "an acute observer of politics and
politicians"; "incisive comments"; "icy knifelike
reasoning"; "as sharp and incisive as the stroke of a
fang"; "penetrating insight"; "frequent penetrative
observations" [syn: acute, discriminating, incisive,
keen, knifelike, penetrating, penetrative, piercing]
4: marked by practical hardheaded intelligence; "a smart
businessman"; "an astute tenant always reads the small
print in a lease"; "he was too shrewd to go along with
them on a road that could lead only to their overthrow"
[syn: astute, shrewd]
5: harsh; "sharp criticism"; "a sharp-worded exchange"; "a tart
remark" [syn: sharp-worded, tart]
6: high-pitched and sharp; "piercing screams"; "a shrill
whistle" [syn: piercing, shrill]
7: extremely steep; "an abrupt canyon"; "the precipitous rapids
of the upper river"; "the precipitous hills of Chinese
paintings"; "a sharp drop" [syn: abrupt, precipitous]
8: keenly and painfully felt; as if caused by a sharp edge or
point; "a sharp pain"; "sharp winds" [ant: dull]
9: very penetrating and clear and sharp in operation; "an
incisive mind"; "a keen intelligence"; "of sharp and
active intellect" [syn: incisive, keen]
10: having or made by a thin edge or sharp point; suitable for
cutting or piercing; "a sharp knife"; "a pencil with a
sharp point" [ant: dull]
11: sour or bitter in taste [syn: acerb, acerbic, astringent]
12: raised in pitch by one chromatic semitone; "C sharp" [ant: flat,
13: very sudden and in great amount or degree; "a sharp drop in
the stock market"
14: quick and forceful; "a sharp blow"
n 1: a musical notation indicating one half step higher than the
2: a long thin sewing needle with a sharp point
adv : changing suddenly in direction and degree; "the road twists
sharply after the light"; "turn sharp left here" [syn: