sour /ˈsaʊ(ə)r/ 形容詞
Sour a. [Compar. Sourer superl. Sourest.]
1. Having an acid or sharp, biting taste, like vinegar, and the juices of most unripe fruits; acid; tart.
All sour things, as vinegar, provoke appetite. --Bacon.
2. Changed, as by keeping, so as to be acid, rancid, or musty, turned.
3. Disagreeable; unpleasant; hence; cross; crabbed; peevish; morose; as, a man of a sour temper; a sour reply. “A sour countenance.”
He was a scholar . . .
Lofty and sour to them that loved him not,
But to those men that sought him sweet as summer. --Shak.
4. Afflictive; painful. “Sour adversity.”
5. Cold and unproductive; as, sour land; a sour marsh.
Sour dock Bot., sorrel.
Sour gourd Bot., the gourdlike fruit Adansonia Gregorii, and Adansonia digitata; also, either of the trees bearing this fruit. See Adansonia.
Sour grapes. See under Grape.
Sour gum Bot. See Turelo.
Sour plum Bot., the edible acid fruit of an Australian tree (Owenia venosa); also, the tree itself, which furnished a hard reddish wood used by wheelwrights.
Syn: -- Acid; sharp; tart; acetous; acetose; harsh; acrimonious; crabbed; currish; peevish.
Sour, n. A sour or acid substance; whatever produces a painful effect.
Sour, v. t.
1. To cause to become sour; to cause to turn from sweet to sour; as, exposure to the air sours many substances.
So the sun's heat, with different powers,
Ripens the grape, the liquor sours. --Swift.
2. To make cold and unproductive, as soil.
3. To make unhappy, uneasy, or less agreeable.
To sour your happiness I must report,
The queen is dead. --Shak.
4. To cause or permit to become harsh or unkindly. “Souring his cheeks.”
Pride had not sour'd nor wrath debased my heart. --Harte.
5. To macerate, and render fit for plaster or mortar; as, to sour lime for business purposes.
Sour, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Soured p. pr. & vb. n. Souring.] To become sour; to turn from sweet to sour; as, milk soon sours in hot weather; a kind temper sometimes sours in adversity.
They keep out melancholy from the virtuous, and hinder the hatred of vice from souring into severity. --Addison.
adj 1: smelling of fermentation or staleness [syn: rancid]
2: having a sharp biting taste [ant: sweet]
3: one of the four basic taste sensations; like the taste of
vinegar or lemons
4: in an unpalatable state; "sour milk" [syn: off, turned]
5: inaccurate in pitch; "a false (or sour) note"; "her singing
was off key" [syn: false, off-key]
6: showing a brooding ill humor; "a dark scowl"; "the
proverbially dour New England Puritan"; "a glum, hopeless
shrug"; "he sat in moody silence"; "a morose and
unsociable manner"; "a saturnine, almost misanthropic
young genius"- Bruce Bliven; "a sour temper"; "a sullen
crowd" [syn: dark, dour, glowering, glum, moody,
morose, saturnine, sullen]
n 1: a cocktail made of a liquor (especially whiskey or gin)
mixed with lemon or lime juice and sugar
2: the taste experience when vinegar or lemon juice is taken
into the mouth [syn: sourness, tartness]
3: the property of being acidic [syn: sourness, acidity]
v 1: go sour or spoil; "The milk has soured"; "The wine worked";
"The cream has turned--we have to throw it out" [syn: turn,
2: make sour or more sour [syn: acidify, acidulate, acetify]