dis·crim·i·na·tion /dɪsˌkrɪməˈneʃən/ 名詞
1. The act of discriminating, distinguishing, or noting and marking differences.
To make an anxious discrimination between the miracle absolute and providential. --Trench.
2. The state of being discriminated, distinguished, or set apart.
3. Railroads The arbitrary imposition of unequal tariffs for substantially the same service.
A difference in rates, not based upon any corresponding difference in cost, constitutes a case of discrimination. --A. T. Hadley.
4. The quality of being discriminating; faculty of nicely distinguishing; acute discernment; as, to show great discrimination in the choice of means.
5. That which discriminates; mark of distinction.
Syn: -- Discernment; penetration; clearness; acuteness; judgment; distinction. See Discernment.
n 1: unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of
prejudice [syn: favoritism, favouritism]
2: the cognitive process whereby two or more stimuli are
distinguished [syn: secernment]