Light·en, v. t.
1. To make lighter, or less heavy; to reduce in weight; to relieve of part of a load or burden; as, to lighten a ship by unloading; to lighten a load or burden.
2. To make less burdensome or afflictive; to alleviate; as, to lighten the cares of life or the burden of grief.
3. To cheer; to exhilarate.
Lightens my humor with his merry jests. --Shak.
Light·en v. i. To descend; to light.
O Lord, let thy mercy lighten upon us. --Book of Common Prayer [Eng. Ed.].
Light·en v. i. [imp. & p. p. Lightened p. pr. & vb. n. Lightening.]
1. To burst forth or dart, as lightning; to shine with, or like, lightning; to display a flash or flashes of lightning; to flash.
This dreadful night,
That thunders, lightens, opens graves, and roars
As doth the lion. --Shak.
2. To grow lighter; to become less dark or lowering; to brighten; to clear, as the sky.
Light·en, v. t.
1. To make light or clear; to light; to illuminate; as, to lighten an apartment with lamps or gas; to lighten the streets. [In this sense less common than light.]
A key of fire ran all along the shore,
And lightened all the river with a blaze. --Dryden.
2. To illuminate with knowledge; to enlighten. [In this sense less common than enlighten.]
Lighten my spirit with one clear heavenly ray. --Sir J. Davies.
3. To emit or disclose in, or as in, lightning; to flash out, like lightning.
His eye . . . lightens forth
Controlling majesty. --Shak.
4. To free from trouble and fill with joy.
They looked unto him, and were lightened. --Ps. xxxiv. 5.
v 1: make more cheerful [syn: buoy up] [ant: weigh down]
2: make more cheerful [syn: buoy up]
3: make lighter or brighter; "The paint will brighten the room"
[syn: brighten, lighten up] [ant: darken]
4: become brighter; "The sky brightened" [syn: brighten]
5: become lighter; "The room lightened up" [syn: lighten up]