1. Comparative obscurity owing to interception or interruption of the rays of light; partial darkness caused by the intervention of something between the space contemplated and the source of light.
Note: ☞ Shade differs from shadow as it implies no particular form or definite limit; whereas a shadow represents in form the object which intercepts the light. When we speak of the shade of a tree, we have no reference to its form; but when we speak of measuring a pyramid or other object by its shadow, we have reference to its form and extent.
2. Darkness; obscurity; -- often in the plural.
The shades of night were falling fast. --Longfellow.
3. An obscure place; a spot not exposed to light; hence, a secluded retreat.
Let us seek out some desolate shade, and there
Weep our sad bosoms empty. --Shak.
4. That which intercepts, or shelters from, light or the direct rays of the sun; hence, also, that which protects from heat or currents of air; a screen; protection; shelter; cover; as, a lamp shade.
The Lord is thy shade upon thy right hand. --Ps. cxxi. 5.
Sleep under a fresh tree's shade. --Shak.
Let the arched knife well sharpened now assail the spreading shades of vegetables. --J. Philips.
5. Shadow. [Poetic.]
Envy will merit, as its shade, pursue. --Pope.
6. The soul after its separation from the body; -- so called because the ancients it to be perceptible to the sight, though not to the touch; a spirit; a ghost; as, the shades of departed heroes.
Swift as thought the flitting shade
Thro' air his momentary journey made. --Dryden.
7. Painting, Drawing, etc. The darker portion of a picture; a less illuminated part. See Def. 1, above.
8. Degree or variation of color, as darker or lighter, stronger or paler; as, a delicate shade of pink.
White, red, yellow, blue, with their several degrees, or shades and mixtures, as green only in by the eyes. --Locke.
9. A minute difference or variation, as of thought, belief, expression, etc.; also, the quality or degree of anything which is distinguished from others similar by slight differences; as, the shades of meaning in synonyms.
New shades and combinations of thought. --De Quincey.
Every shade of religious and political opinion has its own headquarters. --Macaulay.
The Shades, the Nether World; the supposed abode of souls after leaving the body.
Shade v. t. [imp. & p. p. Shaded; p. pr. & vb. n. Shading.]
1. To shelter or screen by intercepting the rays of light; to keep off illumination from.
I went to crop the sylvan scenes,
And shade our altars with their leafy greens. --Dryden.
2. To shelter; to cover from injury; to protect; to screen; to hide; as, to shade one's eyes.
Ere in our own house I do shade my head. --Shak.
3. To obscure; to dim the brightness of.
The full blaze of thy beams. --Milton.
4. To pain in obscure colors; to darken.
5. To mark with gradations of light or color.
6. To present a shadow or image of; to shadow forth; to represent. [Obs.]
[The goddess] in her person cunningly did shade
That part of Justice which is Equity. --Spenser.
Shade v. i. To undergo or exhibit minute difference or variation, as of color, meaning, expression, etc.; to pass by slight changes; -- used chiefly with a preposition, as into, away, off.
This small group will be most conveniently treated with the emotional division, into which it shades. --Edmund Gurney.
n 1: relative darkness caused by light rays being intercepted by
an opaque body; "it is much cooler in the shade";
"there's too much shadiness to take good photographs"
[syn: shadiness, shadowiness]
2: a quality of a given color that differs slightly from a
primary color; "after several trials he mixed the shade of
pink that she wanted" [syn: tint, tincture, tone]
3: protective covering that protects something from direct
sunlight; "they used umbrellas as shades"; "as the sun
moved he readjusted the shade"
4: a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude;
"without understanding the finer nuances you can't enjoy
the humor"; "don't argue about shades of meaning" [syn: nuance,
nicety, subtlety, refinement]
5: a position of relative inferiority; "an achievement that
puts everything else in the shade"; "his brother's success
left him in the shade"
6: a slight amount or degree of difference; "a tad too
expensive"; "not a tad of difference"; "the new model is a
shade better than the old one" [syn: tad]
7: a mental representation of some haunting experience; "he
looked like he had seen a ghost"; "it aroused specters
from his past" [syn: ghost, spook, wraith, specter,
8: a representation of the effect of shade in a picture or
drawing (as by shading or darker pigment)
v 1: cast a shadow over [syn: shadow, shade off]
2: represent the effect of shade or shadow on [syn: fill in]
3: protect from light, heat, or view; "Shade your eyes when you
step out into the bright sunlight"