at·mo·sphere /ˈætməˌsfɪ(ə)r/ 名詞
1. Physics (a) The whole mass of aëriform fluid surrounding the earth; -- applied also to the gaseous envelope of any celestial orb, or other body; as, the atmosphere of Mars. (b) Any gaseous envelope or medium.
An atmosphere of cold oxygen. --Miller.
2. A supposed medium around various bodies; as, electrical atmosphere, a medium formerly supposed to surround electrical bodies.
3. The pressure or weight of the air at the sea level, on a unit of surface, or about 14.7 lbs. to the sq. inch.
Hydrogen was liquefied under a pressure of 650 atmospheres. --Lubbock.
4. Any surrounding or pervading influence or condition.
The chillest of social atmospheres. --Hawthorne.
5. The portion of air in any locality, or affected by a special physical or sanitary condition; as, the atmosphere of the room; a moist or noxious atmosphere.
n 1: a particular environment or surrounding influence; "there
was an atmosphere of excitement" [syn: ambiance, ambience]
2: a unit of pressure: the pressure that will support a column
of mercury 760 mm high at sea level and 0 degrees
centigrade [syn: standard atmosphere, atm, standard
3: the mass of air surrounding the Earth; "there was great heat
as the comet entered the atmosphere"; "it was exposed to
the air" [syn: air]
4: the weather or climate at some place; "the atmosphere was
thick with fog" [syn: atmospheric state]
5: the envelope of gases surrounding any celestial body
6: a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or
thing; "an air of mystery"; "the house had a neglected
air"; "an atmosphere of defeat pervaded the candidate's
headquarters"; "the place had an aura of romance" [syn: air,