Rend v. t. [imp. & p. p. Rent p. pr. & vb. n. Rending.]
1. To separate into parts with force or sudden violence; to tear asunder; to split; to burst; as, powder rends a rock in blasting; lightning rends an oak.
The dreadful thunder
Doth rend the region. --Shak.
2. To part or tear off forcibly; to take away by force.
An empire from its old foundations rent. --Dryden.
I will surely rend the kingdom from thee. --1 Kings xi. 11.
To rap and rend. See under Rap, v. t., to snatch.
Syn: -- To tear; burst; break; rupture; lacerate; fracture; crack; split.
Rent v. i. To rant. [R. & Obs.]
Rent imp. & p. p. of Rend.
1. An opening made by rending; a break or breach made by force; a tear.
See what a rent the envious Casca made. --Shak.
2. Figuratively, a schism; a rupture of harmony; a separation; as, a rent in the church.
Syn: -- Fissure; breach; disrupture; rupture; tear; dilaceration; break; fracture.
Rent v. t. To tear. See Rend. [Obs.]
1. Income; revenue. See Catel. [Obs.] “Catel had they enough and rent.”
[Bacchus] a waster was and all his rent
In wine and bordel he dispent. --Gower.
So bought an annual rent or two,
And liv'd, just as you see I do. --Pope.
2. Pay; reward; share; toll. [Obs.]
Death, that taketh of high and low his rent. --Chaucer.
3. Law A certain periodical profit, whether in money, provisions, chattels, or labor, issuing out of lands and tenements in payment for the use; commonly, a certain pecuniary sum agreed upon between a tenant and his landlord, paid at fixed intervals by the lessee to the lessor, for the use of land or its appendages; as, rent for a farm, a house, a park, etc.
Note: ☞ The term rent is also popularly applied to compensation for the use of certain personal chattels, as a piano, a sewing machine, etc.
4. Polit. Econ. (a) That portion of the produce of the earth paid to the landlord for the use of the “original and indestructible powers of the soil;” the excess of the return from a given piece of cultivated land over that from land of equal area at the “margin of cultivation.” Called also economic rent, or Ricardian rent. Economic rent is due partly to differences of productivity, but chiefly to advantages of location; it is equivalent to ordinary or commercial rent less interest on improvements, and nearly equivalent to ground rent. (b) Loosely, a return or profit from a differential advantage for production, as in case of income or earnings due to rare natural gifts creating a natural monopoly.
Black rent. See Blackmail, 3.
Forehand rent, rent which is paid in advance; foregift.
Rent arrear, rent in arrears; unpaid rent. --Blackstone.
Rent charge Law, a rent reserved on a conveyance of land in fee simple, or granted out of lands by deed; -- so called because, by a covenant or clause in the deed of conveyance, the land is charged with a distress for the payment of it. --Bouvier.
Rent roll, a list or account of rents or income; a rental.
Rent seck Law, a rent reserved by deed, but without any clause of distress; barren rent. A power of distress was made incident to rent seck by Statute 4 George II. c. 28.
Rent service Eng. Law, rent reserved out of land held by fealty or other corporeal service; -- so called from such service being incident to it.
White rent, a quitrent when paid in silver; -- opposed to black rent.
Rent, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Rented; p. pr. & vb. n. Renting.]
1. To grant the possession and enjoyment of, for a rent; to lease; as, the owwner of an estate or house rents it.
2. To take and hold under an agreement to pay rent; as, the tennant rents an estate of the owner.
Rent, v. i. To be leased, or let for rent; as, an estate rents for five hundred dollars a year.
n 1: a regular payment by a tenant to a landlord for use of some
2: an opening made forcibly as by pulling apart; "there was a
rip in his pants"; "she had snags in her stockings" [syn:
rip, snag, split, tear]
3: the return derived from cultivated land in excess of that
derived from the poorest land cultivated under similar
conditions [syn: economic rent]
4: the act of rending or ripping or splitting something; "he
gave the envelope a vigorous rip" [syn: rip, split]
v 1: let for money; "We rented our apartment to friends while we
were abroad" [syn: lease]
2: grant use or occupation of under a term of contract; "I am
leasing my country estate to some foreigners" [syn: lease,
3: engage for service under a term of contract; "We took an
apartment on a quiet street"; "Let's rent a car"; "Shall
we take a guide in Rome?" [syn: lease, hire, charter,
4: hold under a lease or rental agreement; of goods and
services [syn: hire, charter, lease]
v : tear or be torn violently; "The curtain ripped from top to
bottom"; "pull the cooked chicken into strips" [syn: rip,
(Isa. 3:24), probably a rope, as rendered in the LXX. and
Vulgate and Revised Version, or as some prefer interpreting the
phrase, "girdle and robe are torn [i.e., are 'a rent'] by the
hand of violence."