split /ˈsplɪt/ 及物動詞
1. Divided; cleft.
2. Bot. Divided deeply; cleft.
3. Exchanges (a) Divided so as to be done or executed part at one time or price and part at another time or price; -- said of an order, sale, etc. (b) Of quotations, given in sixteenth, quotations in eighths being regular; as, 10
Split pease, hulled pease split for making soup, etc.
Split pin Mach., a pin with one end split so that it may be spread open to secure it in its place.
Split pulley, a parting pulley. See under Pulley.
Split ring, a ring with overlapped or interlocked ends which may be sprung apart so that objects, as keys, may be strung upon the ring or removed from it.
Split ticket, a ballot in which a voter votes for a portion of the candidates nominated by one party, candidates of other parties being substituted for those omitted. [U.S.]
Split v. t. [imp. & p. p. Split (Splitted, R.); p. pr. & vb. n. Splitting.]
1. To divide lengthwise; to separate from end to end, esp. by force; to divide in the direction of the grain or layers; to rive; to cleave; as, to split a piece of timber or a board; to split a gem; to split a sheepskin.
Cold winter split the rocks in twain. --Dryden.
2. To burst; to rupture; to rend; to tear asunder.
A huge vessel of exceeding hard marble split asunder by congealed water. --Boyle.
3. To divide or break up into parts or divisions, as by discord; to separate into parts or parties, as a political party; to disunite. [Colloq.]
4. Chem. To divide or separate into components; -- often used with up; as, to split up sugar into alcohol and carbonic acid.
To split hairs, to make distinctions of useless nicety.
Split, v. i.
1. To part asunder; to be rent; to burst; as, vessels split by the freezing of water in them.
2. To be broken; to be dashed to pieces.
The ship splits on the rock. --Shak.
3. To separate into parties or factions. [Colloq.]
4. To burst with laughter. [Colloq.]
Each had a gravity would make you split. --Pope.
5. To divulge a secret; to betray confidence; to peach. [Slang]
To split on a rock, to fail; to to err fatally; to have the hopes and designs frustrated.
1. A crack, rent, or longitudinal fissure.
2. A breach or separation, as in a political party; a division. [Colloq.]
3. A piece that is split off, or made thin, by splitting; a splinter; a fragment.
4. Specif: Leather Manuf., One of the sections of a skin made by dividing it into two or more thicknesses.
5. Faro A division of a stake happening when two cards of the kind on which the stake is laid are dealt in the same turn.
6. (a) Basketwork Any of the three or four strips into which osiers are commonly cleft for certain kinds of work; -- usually in pl. (b) Weaving Any of the dents of a reed. (c) Any of the air currents in a mine formed by dividing a larger current.
7. Short for Split shot or split stroke.
8. Gymnastics The feat of going down to the floor so that the legs extend in a straight line, either with one on each side or with one in front and the other behind. [Cant or Slang]
9. A small bottle (containing about half a pint) of some drink; -- so called as containing half the quantity of the customary smaller commercial size of bottle; also, a drink of half the usual quantity; a half glass. [Cant or Slang]
adj 1: being divided or separated; "split between love and hate"
2: having been divided; having the unity destroyed;
"Congress...gave the impression of...a confusing sum of
disconnected local forces"-Samuel Lubell; "a league of
disunited nations"- E.B.White; "a fragmented coalition";
"a split group" [syn: disconnected, disunited, fragmented]
3: broken or burst apart longitudinally; "after the
thunderstorm we found a tree with a split trunk"; "they
tore big juicy chunks from the heart of the split
4: having a long rip or tear; "a split lip" [syn: cut]
5: (especially of wood) cut or ripped longitudinally with the
grain; "we bought split logs for the fireplace"
n 1: extending the legs at right angles to the trunks (one in
front and the other in back)
2: a bottle containing half the usual amount
3: a promised or claimed share of loot or money; "he demanded
his split before they disbanded"
4: a lengthwise crack in wood; "he inserted the wedge into a
split in the log"
5: an opening made forcibly as by pulling apart; "there was a
rip in his pants"; "she had snags in her stockings" [syn:
rip, rent, snag, tear]
6: an old Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea
7: a dessert of sliced fruit and ice cream covered with whipped
cream and cherries and nuts
8: (tenpin bowling) a divided formation of pins left standing
after the first bowl; "he was winning until he got a split
in the tenth frame"
9: an increase in the number of outstanding shares of a
corporation without changing the shareholders' equity;
"they announced a two-for-one split of the common stock"
[syn: stock split, split up]
10: the act of rending or ripping or splitting something; "he
gave the envelope a vigorous rip" [syn: rent, rip]
11: division of a group into opposing factions; "another schism
like that and they will wind up in bankruptcy" [syn: schism]
v 1: separate into parts or portions; "divide the cake into three
equal parts"; "The British carved up the Ottoman Empire
after World War I" [syn: divide, split up, separate,
dissever, carve up] [ant: unite]
2: separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument;
"cleave the bone" [syn: cleave, rive]
3: discontinue an association or relation; go different ways;
"The business partners broke over a tax question"; "The
couple separated after 25 years of marriage"; "My friend
and I split up" [syn: separate, part, split up, break,
4: go one's own away; move apart; "The friends separated after
the party" [syn: separate, part]
5: break open or apart suddenly; "The bubble burst" [syn: burst,