re·verse /rɪˈvɝs/ 及物動詞
1. Turned backward; having a contrary or opposite direction; hence; opposite or contrary in kind; as, the reverse order or method. “A vice reverse unto this.”
2. Turned upside down; greatly disturbed. [Obs.]
He found the sea diverse
With many a windy storm reverse. --Gower.
3. Bot. & Zool. Reversed; as, a reverse shell.
Reverse bearing Surv., the bearing of a back station as observed from the station next in advance.
Reverse curve Railways, a curve like the letter S, formed of two curves bending in opposite directions.
Reverse fire Mil., a fire in the rear.
Reverse operation Math., an operation the steps of which are taken in a contrary order to that in which the same or similar steps are taken in another operation considered as direct; an operation in which that is sought which in another operation is given, and that given which in the other is sought; as, finding the length of a pendulum from its time of vibration is the reverse operation to finding the time of vibration from the length.
Re·verse, v. i.
1. To return; to revert. [Obs.]
2. To become or be reversed.
1. That which appears or is presented when anything, as a lance, a line, a course of conduct, etc., is reverted or turned contrary to its natural direction.
He did so with the reverse of the lance. --Sir W. Scott.
2. That which is directly opposite or contrary to something else; a contrary; an opposite.
And then mistook reverse of wrong for right. --Pope.
To make everything the reverse of what they have seen, is quite as easy as to destroy. --Burke.
3. The act of reversing; complete change; reversal; hence, total change in circumstances or character; especially, a change from better to worse; misfortune; a check or defeat; as, the enemy met with a reverse.
The strange reverse of fate you see;
I pitied you, now you may pity me. --Dryden.
By a reverse of fortune, Stephen becomes rich. --Lamb.
4. The back side; as, the reverse of a drum or trench; the reverse of a medal or coin, that is, the side opposite to the obverse. See Obverse.
5. A thrust in fencing made with a backward turn of the hand; a backhanded stroke. [Obs.]
6. Surg. A turn or fold made in bandaging, by which the direction of the bandage is changed.
Re·verse, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Reversed p. pr. & vb. n. Reversing.]
1. To turn back; to cause to face in a contrary direction; to cause to depart.
And that old dame said many an idle verse,
Out of her daughter's heart fond fancies to reverse. --Spenser.
2. To cause to return; to recall. [Obs.]
And to his fresh remembrance did reverse
The ugly view of his deformed crimes. --Spenser.
3. To change totally; to alter to the opposite.
Reverse the doom of death. --Shak.
She reversed the conduct of the celebrated vicar of Bray. --Sir W. Scott.
4. To turn upside down; to invert.
A pyramid reversed may stand upon his point if balanced by admirable skill. --Sir W. Temple.
5. Hence, to overthrow; to subvert.
These can divide, and these reverse, the state. --Pope.
Custom . . . reverses even the distinctions of good and evil. --Rogers.
6. Law To overthrow by a contrary decision; to make void; to under or annual for error; as, to reverse a judgment, sentence, or decree.
Reverse arms Mil., a position of a soldier in which the piece passes between the right elbow and the body at an angle of 45°, and is held as in the illustration.
To reverse an engine or To reverse a machine, to cause it to perform its revolutions or action in the opposite direction.
Syn: -- To overturn; overset; invert; overthrow; subvert; repeal; annul; revoke; undo.
adj 1: directed or moving toward the rear; "a rearward glance"; "a
rearward movement" [syn: rearward]
2: reversed (turned backward) in order or nature or effect
3: of the transmission gear causing backward movement in a
motor vehicle; "in reverse gear" [ant: forward]
n 1: a relation of direct opposition; "we thought Sue was older
than Bill but just the reverse was true" [syn: contrary,
2: the gears by which the motion of a machine can be reversed
3: an unfortunate happening that hinders of impedes; something
that is thwarting or frustrating [syn: reversal, setback,
blow, black eye]
4: the side of a coin or medal that does not bear the principal
design [syn: verso] [ant: obverse]
5: (American football) a running play in which a back running
in one direction hands the ball to a back running in the
6: turning in the opposite direction [syn: reversion, reversal,
v 1: change to the contrary; "The trend was reversed"; "the tides
turned against him"; "public opinion turned when it was
revealed that the president had an affair with a White
House intern" [syn: change by reversal, turn]
2: turn inside out or upside down [syn: invert]
3: rule against; "The Republicans were overruled when the House
voted on the bill" [syn: overrule, overturn, override,
4: annul by recalling or rescinding; "He revoked the ban on
smoking"; "lift an embargo"; "vacate a death sentence"
[syn: revoke, annul, lift, countermand, repeal,
overturn, rescind, vacate]