1. The act of founding, fixing, establishing, or beginning to erect.
2. That upon which anything is founded; that on which anything stands, and by which it is supported; the lowest and supporting layer of a superstructure; groundwork; basis.
Behold, I lay in Zion, for a foundation, a stone . . . a precious corner stone, a sure foundation. --Is. xxviii. 16.
The foundation of a free common wealth. --Motley.
3. Arch. The lowest and supporting part or member of a wall, including the base course (see Base course (a), under Base, n.) and footing courses; in a frame house, the whole substructure of masonry.
4. A donation or legacy appropriated to support a charitable institution, and constituting a permanent fund; endowment.
He was entered on the foundation of Westminster. --Macaulay.
5. That which is founded, or established by endowment; an endowed institution or charity; as, the Ford Foundation.
Against the canon laws of our foundation. --Milton.
Foundation course. See Base course, under Base, n.
Foundation muslin, an open-worked gummed fabric used for stiffening dresses, bonnets, etc.
Foundation school, in England, an endowed school.
To be on a foundation, to be entitled to a support from the proceeds of an endowment, as a scholar or a fellow of a college.
n 1: the basis on which something is grounded; "there is little
foundation for his objections"
2: an institution supported by an endowment
3: the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or
developed or calculated or explained; "the whole argument
rested on a basis of conjecture" [syn: basis, base, fundament,
4: lowest support of a structure; "it was built on a base of
solid rock"; "he stood at the foot of the tower" [syn: base,
fundament, foot, groundwork, substructure, understructure]
5: education or instruction in the fundamentals of a field of
knowledge; "he lacks the foundation necessary for advanced
study"; "a good grounding in mathematics" [syn: grounding]
6: a woman's undergarment worn to give shape to the contours of
the body [syn: foundation garment]
7: the act of starting something for the first time;
introducing something new; "she looked forward to her
initiation as an adult"; "the foundation of a new
scientific society"; "he regards the fork as a modern
introduction" [syn: initiation, founding, institution,
origination, creation, innovation, introduction,