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4 definitions found

From: DICT.TW English-Chinese Dictionary 英漢字典

 can·on /ˈkænən/

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 can·on n.
 1. A law or rule.
 Or that the Everlasting had not fixed
 His canon 'gainst self-slaughter.   --Shak.
 2. Eccl. A law, or rule of doctrine or discipline, enacted by a council and confirmed by the pope or the sovereign; a decision, regulation, code, or constitution made by ecclesiastical authority.
    Various canons which were made in councils held in the second centry.   --Hook.
 3. The collection of books received as genuine Holy Scriptures, called the sacred canon, or general rule of moral and religious duty, given by inspiration; the Bible; also, any one of the canonical Scriptures. See Canonical books, under Canonical, a.
 4. In monasteries, a book containing the rules of a religious order.
 5. A catalogue of saints acknowledged and canonized in the Roman Catholic Church.
 6. A member of a cathedral chapter; a person who possesses a prebend in a cathedral or collegiate church.
 7. Mus. A musical composition in which the voices begin one after another, at regular intervals, successively taking up the same subject.  It either winds up with a coda (tailpiece), or, as each voice finishes, commences anew, thus forming a perpetual fugue or round.  It is the strictest form of imitation. See Imitation.
 8. Print. The largest size of type having a specific name; -- so called from having been used for printing the canons of the church.
 9. The part of a bell by which it is suspended; -- called also ear and shank.
 Note: [See Illust. of Bell.]
 10. Billiards See Carom.
 Apostolical canons. See under Apostolical.
 Augustinian canons, Black canons. See under Augustinian.
 Canon capitular, Canon residentiary, a resident member of a cathedral chapter (during a part or the whole of the year).
 Canon law. See under Law.
 Canon of the Mass R. C. Ch., that part of the mass, following the Sanctus, which never changes.
 Honorary canon, a canon6 who neither lived in a monastery, nor kept the canonical hours.
 Minor canon Ch. of Eng., one who has been admitted to a chapter, but has not yet received a prebend.
 Regular canon R. C. Ch., one who lived in a conventual community and followed the rule of St. Austin; a Black canon.
 Secular canon R. C. Ch., one who did not live in a monastery, but kept the hours.

From: WordNet (r) 2.0

      n 1: a rule or especially body of rules or principles generally
           established as valid and fundamental in a field or art
           or philosophy; "the neoclassical canon"; "canons of
           polite society"
      2: a priest who is a member of a cathedral chapter
      3: a ravine formed by a river in an area with little rainfall
         [syn: canyon]
      4: a contrapuntal piece of music in which a melody in one part
         is imitated exactly in other parts
      5: a complete list of saints that have been recognized by the
         Roman Catholic Church
      6: a collection of books accepted as holy scripture especially
         the books of the Bible recognized by any Christian church
         as genuine and inspired

From: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary

    This word is derived from a Hebrew and Greek word denoting a
    reed or cane. Hence it means something straight, or something to
    keep straight; and hence also a rule, or something ruled or
    measured. It came to be applied to the Scriptures, to denote
    that they contained the authoritative rule of faith and
    practice, the standard of doctrine and duty. A book is said to
    be of canonical authority when it has a right to take a place
    with the other books which contain a revelation of the Divine
    will. Such a right does not arise from any ecclesiastical
    authority, but from the evidence of the inspired authorship of
    the book. The canonical (i.e., the inspired) books of the Old
    and New Testaments, are a complete rule, and the only rule, of
    faith and practice. They contain the whole supernatural
    revelation of God to men. The New Testament Canon was formed
    gradually under divine guidance. The different books as they
    were written came into the possession of the Christian
    associations which began to be formed soon after the day of
    Pentecost; and thus slowly the canon increased till all the
    books were gathered together into one collection containing the
    whole of the twenty-seven New Testament inspired books.
    Historical evidence shows that from about the middle of the
    second century this New Testament collection was substantially
    such as we now possess. Each book contained in it is proved to
    have, on its own ground, a right to its place; and thus the
    whole is of divine authority.
      The Old Testament Canon is witnessed to by the New Testament
    writers. Their evidence is conclusive. The quotations in the New
    from the Old are very numerous, and the references are much more
    numerous. These quotations and references by our Lord and the
    apostles most clearly imply the existence at that time of a
    well-known and publicly acknowledged collection of Hebrew
    writings under the designation of "The Scriptures;" "The Law and
    the Prophets and the Psalms;" "Moses and the Prophets," etc. The
    appeals to these books, moreover, show that they were regarded
    as of divine authority, finally deciding all questions of which
    they treat; and that the whole collection so recognized
    consisted only of the thirty-nine books which we now posses.
    Thus they endorse as genuine and authentic the canon of the
    Jewish Scriptures. The Septuagint Version (q.v.) also contained
    every book we now have in the Old Testament Scriptures. As to
    the time at which the Old Testament canon was closed, there are
    many considerations which point to that of Ezra and Nehemiah,
    immediately after the return from Babylonian exile. (See BIBLE
    T0000580, EZRA, QUOTATIONS.)