code /ˈkod/ 名詞
碼; 字碼; 寫碼; 編碼; 代碼 CD
Q 縮語電碼; Q 縮語代碼 QC
1. A body of law, sanctioned by legislation, in which the rules of law to be specifically applied by the courts are set forth in systematic form; a compilation of laws by public authority; a digest.
Note: ☞ The collection of laws made by the order of Justinian is sometimes called, by way of eminence, “The Code” .
2. Any system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; as, the medical code, a system of rules for the regulation of the professional conduct of physicians.
Note: A system of rules for making communications at sea by means of signals has been referred to as the naval code.
Code civil or Code Napoleon, a code enacted in France in 1803 and 1804, embodying the law of rights of persons and of property generally. error-correcting code Computers A set of symbols used to represent blocks of binary data, in which the original block of data is represented by a larger block of data which includes additional bits arranged in such a way that the original data may be read even if one or more of the bits of the encoded data is changed, as in a noisy communicaiton channel. Various codes are available which can correct different numbers or patterns of errors in the transmitted data. Such codes are used to achieve higher accuracy in data transmission, and in data storage devices such as disk drives and tape drives. object code Computers the arrangement of bits stored in computer memory or a data storage device which, when fed to the instruction processor of a computer's central processing unit, can be interpreted directly as instructions for execution. genetic code Biochemistry, genetics The set of correspondences between sequences of three bases (codons) in a RNA chain to the amino acid which those three bases represent in the process of protein synthesis. Thus, the sequence UUU codes for phenylalanine, and AUG codes for methionine. There are twenty-one naturally-occurring amino acids, and sixty-four possible arrangements of three bases in RNA; thus some of the amino acids are represented by more than one codon. Several codons do not represent amino acids, but cause termination of the synthesis of a growing amnio acid chain.
n 1: a set of rules or principles or laws (especially written
ones) [syn: codification]
2: a coding system used for transmitting messages requiring
brevity or secrecy
3: (computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or
instructions in a computer program or the set of such
instructions [syn: computer code]
v 1: attach a code to; "Code the pieces with numbers so that you
can identify them later"
2: convert ordinary language into code; "We should encode the
message for security reasons" [syn: encode, encipher,
cipher, cypher, encrypt, inscribe, write in code]