in·sti·tu·tion /ˌɪn(t)stəˈtuʃən, ˈtju-/
1. The act or process of instituting; as: (a) Establishment; foundation; enactment; as, the institution of a school.
The institution of God's law is described as being established by solemn injunction. --Hooker.
(b) Instruction; education. [Obs.] --Bentley. (c) Eccl. Law The act or ceremony of investing a clergyman with the spiritual part of a benefice, by which the care of souls is committed to his charge.
2. That which instituted or established; as: (a) Established order, method, or custom; enactment; ordinance; permanent form of law or polity.
The nature of our people,
Our city's institutions. --Shak.
(b) An established or organized society or corporation; an establishment, especially of a public character, or affecting a community; a foundation; as, a literary institution; a charitable institution; also, a building or the buildings occupied or used by such organization; as, the Smithsonian Institution. (c) Anything forming a characteristic and persistent feature in social or national life or habits.
We ordered a lunch (the most delightful of English institutions, next to dinner) to be ready against our return. --Hawthorne.
3. That which institutes or instructs; a textbook; a system of elements or rules; an institute. [Obs.]
There is another manuscript, of above three hundred years old, . . . being an institution of physic. --Evelyn.
n 1: an organization founded and united for a specific purpose
2: an establishment consisting of a building or complex of
buildings where an organization for the promotion of some
cause is situated
3: a custom that for a long time has been an important feature
of some group or society; "the institution of marriage";
"the institution of slavery"; "he had become an
institution in the theater"
4: the act of starting something for the first time;
introducing something new; "she looked forward to her
initiation as an adult"; "the foundation of a new
scientific society"; "he regards the fork as a modern
introduction" [syn: initiation, founding, foundation,
origination, creation, innovation, introduction,
5: a hospital for mentally incompetent or unbalanced person
[syn: mental hospital, psychiatric hospital, mental
institution, mental home, insane asylum, asylum]