習慣 定製 海關
1. The customary toll, tax, or tribute.
Render, therefore, to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom. --Rom. xiii. 7.
2. pl. Duties or tolls imposed by law on commodities, imported or exported.
Cus·tom, v. t.
1. To make familiar; to accustom. [Obs.]
2. To supply with customers. [Obs.]
Cus·tom, v. i. To have a custom. [Obs.]
On a bridge he custometh to fight. --Spenser.
1. Frequent repetition of the same act; way of acting common to many; ordinary manner; habitual practice; usage; method of doing or living.
And teach customs which are not lawful. --Acts xvi. 21.
Moved beyond his custom, Gama said. --Tennyson.
More honored in the breach than the observance. --Shak.
2. Habitual buying of goods; practice of frequenting, as a shop, manufactory, etc., for making purchases or giving orders; business support.
Let him have your custom, but not your votes. --Addison.
3. Law Long-established practice, considered as unwritten law, and resting for authority on long consent; usage. See Usage, and Prescription.
Note: ☞ Usage is a fact. Custom is a law. There can be no custom without usage, though there may be usage without custom.
4. Familiar aquaintance; familiarity. [Obs.]
Age can not wither her, nor custom stale
Her infinite variety. --Shak.
Custom of merchants, a system or code of customs by which affairs of commerce are regulated.
General customs, those which extend over a state or kingdom.
Particular customs, those which are limited to a city or district; as, the customs of London.
Syn: -- Practice; fashion. See Habit, and Usage.
Cus·tom, v. t. To pay the customs of. [Obs.]
adj : made according to the specifications of an individual [syn:
custom-made, customized, customised] [ant: ready-made]
n 1: accepted or habitual practice [syn: usage, usance]
2: a specific practice of long standing [syn: tradition]
3: money collected under a tariff [syn: customs, customs
4: habitual patronage; "I have given this tailor my custom for
a tax imposed by the Romans. The tax-gatherers were termed
publicans (q.v.), who had their stations at the gates of cities,
and in the public highways, and at the place set apart for that
purpose, called the "receipt of custom" (Matt.9: 9; Mark 2:14),
where they collected the money that was to be paid on certain
goods (Matt.17:25). These publicans were tempted to exact more
from the people than was lawful, and were, in consequence of
their extortions, objects of great hatred. The Pharisees would
have no intercourse with them (Matt.5:46, 47; 9:10, 11).
A tax or tribute (q.v.) of half a shekel was annually paid by
every adult Jew for the temple. It had to be paid in Jewish coin
(Matt. 22:17-19; Mark 12:14, 15). Money-changers (q.v.) were
necessary, to enable the Jews who came up to Jerusalem at the
feasts to exchange their foreign coin for Jewish money; but as
it was forbidden by the law to carry on such a traffic for
emolument (Deut. 23:19, 20), our Lord drove them from the temple
(Matt. 21:12: Mark 11:15).