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inequalities

不等式

In·e·qual·i·ty n.; *pl.* Inequalities

1. The quality of being unequal; difference, or lack of equality, in any respect; lack of uniformity; disproportion; unevenness; disparity; diversity; as, an inequality in size, stature, numbers, power, distances, motions, rank, property, etc.

*There is so great an inequality in the length of our legs and arms as makes it impossible for us to walk on all four.* --*Ray.*

*Notwithstanding which inequality of number, it was resolved in a council of war to fight the Dutch fleet.* --*Ludlow.*

*Sympathy is rarely strong where there is a great inequality of condition.* --*Macaulay.*

2. Unevenness; lack of levelness; the alternate rising and falling of a surface; as, the inequalities of the surface of the earth, or of a marble slab, etc.

*The country is cut into so many hills and inequalities as renders it defensible.* --*Addison.*

3. Variableness; changeableness; inconstancy; lack of smoothness or equability; deviation; unsteadiness, as of the weather, feelings, etc.

*Inequality of air is ever an enemy to health.* --*Bacon.*

4. Disproportion to any office or purpose; inadequacy; competency; as, the inequality of terrestrial things to the wants of a rational soul.

5. Alg. An expression consisting of two unequal quantities, with the sign of inequality (> or <) between them; as, the inequality 2 < 3, or 4 > 1.

6. Astron. An irregularity, or a deviation, in the motion of a planet or satellite from its uniform mean motion; the amount of such deviation.

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