shock /ˈʃɑk/ 名詞
1. A pile or assemblage of sheaves of grain, as wheat, rye, or the like, set up in a field, the sheaves varying in number from twelve to sixteen; a stook.
And cause it on shocks to be by and by set. --Tusser.
Behind the master walks, builds up the shocks. --Thomson.
2. Com. A lot consisting of sixty pieces; -- a term applied in some Baltic ports to loose goods.
Shock, v. t. To collect, or make up, into a shock or shocks; to stook; as, to shock rye.
Shock, v. i. To be occupied with making shocks.
Reap well, scatter not, gather clean that is shorn,
Bind fast, shock apace. --Tusser.
1. A quivering or shaking which is the effect of a blow, collision, or violent impulse; a blow, impact, or collision; a concussion; a sudden violent impulse or onset.
These strong, unshaken mounds resist the shocks
Of tides and seas tempestuous. --Blackmore.
He stood the shock of a whole host of foes. --Addison.
2. A sudden agitation of the mind or feelings; a sensation of pleasure or pain caused by something unexpected or overpowering; also, a sudden agitating or overpowering event. “A shock of pleasure.”
3. Med. A sudden depression of the vital forces of the entire body, or of a part of it, marking some profound impression produced upon the nervous system, as by severe injury, overpowering emotion, or the like.
4. Elec. The sudden convulsion or contraction of the muscles, with the feeling of a concussion, caused by the discharge, through the animal system, of electricity from a charged body.
Syn: -- Concussion, Shock.
Usage: Both words signify a sudden violent shaking caused by impact or colision; but concussion is restricted in use to matter, while shock is used also of mental states.
Shock, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Shocked p. pr. & vb. n. Shocking.]
1. To give a shock to; to cause to shake or waver; hence, to strike against suddenly; to encounter with violence.
Come the three corners of the world in arms,
And we shall shock them. --Shak.
I shall never forget the force with which he shocked De Vipont. --Sir W. Scott.
2. To strike with surprise, terror, horror, or disgust; to cause to recoil; as, his violence shocked his associates.
Advise him not to shock a father's will. --Dryden.
3. Physiol. To subject to the action of an electrical discharge so as to cause a more or less violent depression or commotion of the nervous system.
Shock, v. i. To meet with a shock; to meet in violent encounter. “They saw the moment approach when the two parties would shock together.”
1. Zool. A dog with long hair or shag; -- called also shockdog.
2. A thick mass of bushy hair; as, a head covered with a shock of sandy hair.
Shock, a. Bushy; shaggy; as, a shock hair.
His red shock peruke . . . was laid aside. --Sir W. Scott.
n 1: the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when
something bad happens accidentally; "his mother's
deathleft him in a daze"; "he was numb with shock" [syn:
2: the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering
into combat; "the armies met in the shock of battle" [syn:
3: a reflex response to the passage of electric current through
the body; "subjects received a small electric shock when
they mae the wrong response"; "electricians get accustomed
to occasional shocks" [syn: electric shock, electrical
4: (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by
inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by
reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory
insufficiency and pallor; "loss of blood is an important
cause of shock"
5: an instance of agitation of the earth's crust; "the first
shock of the earthquake came shortly after noon while
workers were at lunch" [syn: seismic disturbance]
6: an unpleasant or disappointing surprise; "it came as a shock
to learn that he was injured" [syn: blow]
7: a pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry;
stalks of Indian corn set up in a field; "corn is bound in
small sheeves and several sheeves are set up together in
shocks"; "whole fields of wheat in shock"
8: a bushy thick mass (especially hair); "he had an unruly
shock of black hair"
9: a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses; "the
old car needed a new set of shocks" [syn: shock absorber,
v 1: surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off; "I was floored
when I heard that I was promoted" [syn: stun, floor,
ball over, blow out of the water, take aback]
2: strike with disgust or revulsion; "The scandalous behavior
of this married woman shocked her friends" [syn: offend,
scandalize, scandalise, appal, appall, outrage]
3: strike with horror or terror; "The news of the bombing
4: collide violently
5: collect or gather into shocks; "shock grain"
6: subject to electrical shocks
7: inflict a trauma upon [syn: traumatize, traumatise]