pile /ˈpaɪ(ə)l/ 名詞
1. A hair; hence, the fiber of wool, cotton, and the like; also, the nap when thick or heavy, as of carpeting and velvet.
Velvet soft, or plush with shaggy pile. --Cowper.
2. Zool. A covering of hair or fur.
Pile, n. The head of an arrow or spear. [Obs.]
1. A large stake, or piece of timber, pointed and driven into the earth, as at the bottom of a river, or in a harbor where the ground is soft, for the support of a building, a pier, or other superstructure, or to form a cofferdam, etc.
Note: ☞ Tubular iron piles are now much used.
2. Her. One of the ordinaries or subordinaries having the form of a wedge, usually placed palewise, with the broadest end uppermost.
Pile bridge, a bridge of which the roadway is supported on piles.
Pile cap, a beam resting upon and connecting the heads of piles.
Pile driver, or Pile engine, an apparatus for driving down piles, consisting usually of a high frame, with suitable appliances for raising to a height (by animal or steam power, the explosion of gunpowder, etc.) a heavy mass of iron, which falls upon the pile.
Pile dwelling. See Lake dwelling, under Lake.
Pile plank Hydraul. Eng., a thick plank used as a pile in sheet piling. See Sheet piling, under Piling.
Pneumatic pile. See under Pneumatic.
Screw pile, one with a screw at the lower end, and sunk by rotation aided by pressure.
Pile, v. t. To drive piles into; to fill with piles; to strengthen with piles.
To sheet-pile, to make sheet piling in or around. See Sheet piling, under 2nd Piling.
1. A mass of things heaped together; a heap; as, a pile of stones; a pile of wood.
2. A mass formed in layers; as, a pile of shot.
3. A funeral pile; a pyre.
4. A large building, or mass of buildings.
The pile o'erlooked the town and drew the fight. --Dryden.
5. Iron Manuf. Same as Fagot, n., 2.
6. Elec. A vertical series of alternate disks of two dissimilar metals, as copper and zinc, laid up with disks of cloth or paper moistened with acid water between them, for producing a current of electricity; -- commonly called Volta's pile, voltaic pile, or galvanic pile.
Note: ☞ The term is sometimes applied to other forms of apparatus designed to produce a current of electricity, or as synonymous with battery; as, for instance, to an apparatus for generating a current of electricity by the action of heat, usually called a thermopile.
7. The reverse of a coin. See Reverse.
Cross and pile. See under Cross.
Dry pile. See under Dry.
Pile, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Piled p. pr. & vb. n. Piling.]
1. To lay or throw into a pile or heap; to heap up; to collect into a mass; to accumulate; to amass; -- often with up; as, to pile up wood. “Hills piled on hills.” --Dryden. “Life piled on life.” --Tennyson.
The labor of an age in piled stones. --Milton.
2. To cover with heaps; or in great abundance; to fill or overfill; to load.
To pile arms To pile muskets Mil., to place three guns together so that they may stand upright, supporting each other; to stack arms.
n 1: a collection of objects laid on top of each other [syn: heap,
2: (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent;
"a batch of letters"; "a deal of trouble"; "a lot of
money"; "he made a mint on the stock market"; "it must
have cost plenty" [syn: batch, deal, flock, good
deal, great deal, hatful, heap, lot, mass, mess,
mickle, mint, muckle, peck, plenty, pot, quite
a little, raft, sight, slew, spate, stack, tidy
sum, wad, whole lot, whole slew]
3: a large sum of money (especially as pay or profit); "she
made a bundle selling real estate"; "they sank megabucks
into their new house" [syn: bundle, big bucks, megabucks,
4: fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or
deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain
dogs) [syn: down]
5: battery consisting of voltaic cells arranged in series; the
earliest electric battery devised by Volta [syn: voltaic
pile, galvanic pile]
6: a column of wood or steel or concrete that is driven into
the ground to provide support for a structure [syn: spile,
7: the yarn (as in a rug or velvet or corduroy) that stands up
from the weave; "for uniform color and texture tailors cut
velvet with the pile running the same direction" [syn: nap]
8: a nuclear reactor that uses controlled nuclear fission to
generate energy [syn: atomic pile, atomic reactor, chain
v 1: arrange in stacks; "heap firewood around the fireplace";
"stack your books up on the shelves" [syn: stack, heap]
2: press tightly together or cram; "The crowd packed the
auditorium" [syn: throng, mob, pack, jam]
3: place or lay as if in a pile; "The teacher piled work on the
students until the parents protested"