sub·sti·tute /ˈsʌbstəˌtut, ˌtjut/
sub·sti·tute /ˈsəbstəˌt(j)ut/ 名詞
Sub·stit·ute n. One who, or that which, is substituted or put in the place of another; one who acts for another; that which stands in lieu of something else; specifically Mil., a person who enlists for military service in the place of a conscript or drafted man.
Hast thou not made me here thy substitute? --Milton.
Ladies [in Shakespeare's age] . . . wore masks as the sole substitute known to our ancestors for the modern parasol. --De Quincey.
Sub·stit·ute v. t. [imp. & p. p. Substituted p. pr. & vb. n. Substituting ] To put in the place of another person or thing; to exchange.
Some few verses are inserted or substituted in the room of others. --Congreve.
adj 1: being a replacement or substitute for a regular member of a
team [syn: second-string, substitute(a)]
2: capable of substituting in any of several positions on a
team; "a utility infielder" [syn: utility(a), substitute(a)]
3: artificial and inferior; "ersatz coffee"; "substitute
coffee" [syn: ersatz]
n 1: a person or thing that takes or can take the place of
another [syn: replacement]
2: an athlete who plays only when another member of the team
drops out [syn: reserve]
3: someone who takes the place of another (as when things get
dangerous or difficult); "the star had a stand-in for
dangerous scenes"; "we need extra employees for summer
fill-ins" [syn: stand-in, relief, reliever, backup,
backup man, fill-in]
v 1: put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent
items; "the con artist replaced the original with a fake
Rembrandt"; "substitute regular milk with fat-free milk"
2: be a substitute; "The young teacher had to substitute for
the sick colleague"; "The skim milk substitutes for
cream--we are on a strict diet" [syn: sub, stand in, fill
3: act as a substitute; "She stood in for the soprano who
suffered from a cold" [syn: deputize, deputise, step