his·to·ry /ˈhɪst(ə)rɪ/ 名詞
His·to·ry n.; pl. Histories
1. A learning or knowing by inquiry; the knowledge of facts and events, so obtained; hence, a formal statement of such information; a narrative; a description; a written record; as, the history of a patient's case; the history of a legislative bill.
2. A systematic, written account of events, particularly of those affecting a nation, institution, science, or art, and usually connected with a philosophical explanation of their causes; a true story, as distinguished from a romance; -- distinguished also from annals, which relate simply the facts and events of each year, in strict chronological order; from biography, which is the record of an individual's life; and from memoir, which is history composed from personal experience, observation, and memory.
Histories are as perfect as the historian is wise, and is gifted with an eye and a soul. --Carlyle.
For aught that I could ever read,
Could ever hear by tale or history. --Shak.
What histories of toil could I declare! --Pope.
History piece, a representation in painting, drawing, etc., of any real event, including the actors and the action.
Natural history, a description and classification of objects in nature, as minerals, plants, animals, etc., and the phenomena which they exhibit to the senses.
Syn: -- Chronicle; annals; relation; narration.
Usage: -- History, Chronicle, Annals. History is a methodical record of important events which concern a community of men, usually so arranged as to show the connection of causes and effects, to give an analysis of motive and action etc. A chronicle is a record of such events, conforming to the order of time as its distinctive feature. Annals are a chronicle divided up into separate years. By poetic license annals is sometimes used for history.
Justly Cæsar scorns the poet's lays;
It is to history he trusts for praise. --Pope.
No more yet of this;
For 't is a chronicle of day by day,
Not a relation for a breakfast. --Shak.
Many glorious examples in the annals of our religion. --Rogers.
His·to·ry, v. t. To narrate or record. [Obs.]
n 1: the aggregate of past events; "a critical time in the
2: the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from
the past to the present and even into the future; "all of
3: a record or narrative description of past events; "a history
of France"; "he gave an inaccurate account of the plot to
kill the president"; "the story of exposure to lead" [syn:
account, chronicle, story]
4: the discipline that records and interprets past events
involving human beings; "he teaches Medieval history";
"history takes the long view"
5: all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing;
a body of knowledge; "the dawn of recorded history"; "from
the beginning of history"