自學( 習 )
Learn v. t. [imp. & p. p. Learned or Learnt (lẽrnt); p. pr. & vb. n. Learning.]
1. To gain knowledge or information of; to ascertain by inquiry, study, or investigation; to receive instruction concerning; to fix in the mind; to acquire understanding of, or skill; as, to learn the way; to learn a lesson; to learn dancing; to learn to skate; to learn the violin; to learn the truth about something. “Learn to do well.”
Now learn a parable of the fig tree. --Matt. xxiv. 32.
2. To communicate knowledge to; to teach. [Obs.]
Hast thou not learned me how
To make perfumes ? --Shak.
Note: ☞ Learn formerly had also the sense of teach, in accordance with the analogy of the French and other languages, and hence we find it with this sense in Shakespeare, Spenser, and other old writers. This usage has now passed away. To learn is to receive instruction, and to teach is to give instruction. He who is taught learns, not he who teaches.
1. The acquisition of knowledge or skill; as, the learning of languages; the learning of telegraphy.
2. The knowledge or skill received by instruction or study; acquired knowledge or ideas in any branch of science or literature; erudition; literature; science; as, he is a man of great learning.
Book learning. See under Book.
Syn: -- Literature; erudition; lore; scholarship; science; letters. See Literature.
n 1: the cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge; "the
child's acquisition of language" [syn: acquisition]
2: profound scholarly knowledge [syn: eruditeness, erudition,
learnedness, scholarship, encyclopedism, encyclopaedism]