anal·y·sis /əˈnæləsəs/ 名詞
A·nal·y·sis n.; pl. Analyses
1. A resolution of anything, whether an object of the senses or of the intellect, into its constituent or original elements; an examination of the component parts of a subject, each separately, as the words which compose a sentence, the tones of a tune, or the simple propositions which enter into an argument. It is opposed to synthesis.
2. Chem. The separation of a compound substance, by chemical processes, into its constituents, with a view to ascertain either (a) what elements it contains, or (b) how much of each element is present. The former is called qualitative, and the latter quantitative analysis.
3. Logic The tracing of things to their source, and the resolving of knowledge into its original principles.
4. Math. The resolving of problems by reducing the conditions that are in them to equations.
5. (a) A syllabus, or table of the principal heads of a discourse, disposed in their natural order. (b) A brief, methodical illustration of the principles of a science. In this sense it is nearly synonymous with synopsis.
6. Nat. Hist. The process of ascertaining the name of a species, or its place in a system of classification, by means of an analytical table or key.
Ultimate, Proximate, Qualitative, Quantitative, and Volumetric analysis. Chem. See under Ultimate, Proximate, Qualitative, etc.
n 1: an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their
relations in making up the whole
2: the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent
parts in order to study the parts and their relations
[syn: analytic thinking] [ant: synthesis]
3: a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a
piece of writing is analyzed
4: the use of closed-class words instead of inflections: e.g.,
`the father of the bride' instead of `the bride's father'
5: a branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of
limits; sequences and series and integration and
6: a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a
method of treating various mental disorders; based on the
theories of Sigmund Freud; "his physician recommended
psychoanalysis" [syn: psychoanalysis, depth psychology]
[also: analyses (pl)]