1. The act of freezing; -- applied chiefly to the congelation of water; congelation of fluids.
2. The state or temperature of the air which occasions congelation, or the freezing of water; severe cold or freezing weather.
The third bay comes a frost, a killing frost. --Shak.
3. Frozen dew; -- called also hoarfrost or white frost.
He scattereth the hoarfrost like ashes. --Ps. cxlvii. 16.
4. Coldness or insensibility; severity or rigidity of character. [R.]
It was of those moments of intense feeling when the frost of the Scottish people melts like a snow wreath. --Sir W. Scott.
Black frost, cold so intense as to freeze vegetation and cause it to turn black, without the formation of hoarfrost.
Frost bearer Physics, a philosophical instrument illustrating the freezing of water in a vacuum; a cryophorus.
Frost grape Bot., an American grape, with very small, acid berries.
Frost lamp, a lamp placed below the oil tube of an Argand lamp to keep the oil limpid on cold nights; -- used especially in lighthouses. --Knight.
Frost nail, a nail with a sharp head driven into a horse's shoe to keep him from slipping.
Frost smoke, an appearance resembling smoke, caused by congelation of vapor in the atmosphere in time of severe cold.
The brig and the ice round her are covered by a strange black
obscurity: it is the frost smoke of arctic winters. --Kane.
-- Frost valve, a valve to drain the portion of a pipe, hydrant, pump, etc., where water would be liable to freeze.
Jack Frost, a popular personification of frost.
Frost v. t. [imp. & p. p. Frosted; p. pr. & vb. n. Frosting.]
1. To injure by frost; to freeze, as plants.
2. To cover with hoarfrost; to produce a surface resembling frost upon, as upon cake, metals, or glass; as, glass may be frosted by exposure to hydrofluoric acid.
While with a hoary light she frosts the ground. --Wordsworth.
3. To roughen or sharpen, as the nail heads or calks of horseshoes, so as to fit them for frosty weather.
n 1: ice crystals forming a white deposit (especially on objects
outside) [syn: hoar, hoarfrost, rime]
2: weather cold enough to cause freezing [syn: freeze]
3: the formation of frost or ice on a surface [syn: icing]
4: United States poet famous for his lyrical poems on country
life in New England (1874-1963) [syn: Robert Frost, Robert
v 1: decorate with frosting; "frost a cake" [syn: ice]
2: provide with a rough or speckled surface or appearance;
"frost the glass"; "she frosts her hair"
3: cover with frost; "ice crystals frosted the glass"
4: damage by frost; "The icy precipitation frosted the flowers
and athey turned brown"
(Heb. kerah, from its smoothness) Job 37:10 (R.V., "ice"); Gen.
31:40; Jer. 36:30; rendered "ice" in Job 6:16, 38:29; and
"crystal" in Ezek. 1:22. "At the present day frost is entirely
unknown in the lower portions of the valley of the Jordan, but
slight frosts are sometimes felt on the sea-coast and near
Lebanon." Throughout Western Asia cold frosty nights are
frequently succeeded by warm days.
"Hoar frost" (Heb. kephor, so called from its covering the
ground) is mentioned in Ex. 16:14; Job 38:29; Ps. 147:16.
In Ps. 78:47 the word rendered "frost" (R.V. marg., "great
hail-stones"), _hanamal_, occurs only there. It is rendered by
Gesenius, the Hebrew lexicographer, "ant," and so also by
others, but the usual interpretation derived from the ancient
versions may be maintained.