crys·tal /ˈkrɪstḷ/ 名詞
1. Chem. & Min. The regular form which a substance tends to assume in solidifying, through the inherent power of cohesive attraction. It is bounded by plane surfaces, symmetrically arranged, and each species of crystal has fixed axial ratios. See Crystallization.
2. The material of quartz, in crystallization transparent or nearly so, and either colorless or slightly tinged with gray, or the like; -- called also rock crystal. Ornamental vessels are made of it. Cf. Smoky quartz, Pebble; also Brazilian pebble, under Brazilian.
3. A species of glass, more perfect in its composition and manufacture than common glass, and often cut into ornamental forms. See Flint glass.
4. The glass over the dial of a watch case.
5. Anything resembling crystal, as clear water, etc.
The blue crystal of the seas. --Byron.
Blood crystal. See under Blood.
Compound crystal. See under Compound.
Iceland crystal, a transparent variety of calcite, or crystallized calcium carbonate, brought from Iceland, and used in certain optical instruments, as the polariscope.
Rock crystal, or Mountain crystal, any transparent crystal of quartz, particularly of limpid or colorless quartz.
Crys·tal, a. Consisting of, or like, crystal; clear; transparent; lucid; pellucid; crystalline.
Through crystal walls each little mote will peep. --Shak.
By crystal streams that murmur through the meads. --Dryden.
The crystal pellets at the touch congeal,
And from the ground rebounds the ratting hail. --H. Brooks.
n 1: a solid formed by the solidification of a chemical and
having a highly regular atomic structure
2: a crystalline element used as a component in various
3: a rock formed by the solidification of a substance; has
regularly repeating internal structure; external plane
faces [syn: crystallization]
4: colorless glass made of almost pure silica [syn: quartz
glass, quartz, vitreous silica, lechatelierite]
5: glassware made of quartz
6: a protective cover that protects the face of a watch [syn: watch
crystal, watch glass]
(Ezek. 1:22, with the epithet "terrible," as dazzling the
spectators with its brightness). The word occurs in Rev. 4:6;
21:11; 22:1. It is a stone of the flint order, the most refined
kind of quartz. The Greek word here used means also literally
"ice." The ancients regarded the crystal as only pure water
congealed into extreme hardness by great length of time.