birth /ˈbɝθ/ 名詞
Berth n. [Also written birth.]
1. Naut. (a) Convenient sea room. (b) A room in which a number of the officers or ship's company mess and reside. (c) The place where a ship lies when she is at anchor, or at a wharf.
2. An allotted place; an appointment; situation or employment. “He has a good berth.”
3. A place in a ship to sleep in; a long box or shelf on the side of a cabin or stateroom, or of a railway car, for sleeping in.
Berth deck, the deck next below the lower gun deck. --Ham. Nav. Encyc.
To give (the land or any object) a wide berth, to keep at a distance from it.
1. The act or fact of coming into life, or of being born; -- generally applied to human beings; as, the birth of a son.
2. Lineage; extraction; descent; sometimes, high birth; noble extraction.
Elected without reference to birth, but solely for qualifications. --Prescott.
3. The condition to which a person is born; natural state or position; inherited disposition or tendency.
A foe by birth to Troy's unhappy name. --Dryden.
4. The act of bringing forth; as, she had two children at a birth. “At her next birth.”
5. That which is born; that which is produced, whether animal or vegetable.
Poets are far rarer births than kings. --B. Jonson.
Others hatch their eggs and tend the birth till it is able to shift for itself. --Addison.
6. Origin; beginning; as, the birth of an empire.
New birth Theol., regeneration, or the commencement of a religious life.
Syn: -- Parentage; extraction; lineage; race; family.
Birth, n. See Berth. [Obs.]
n 1: the time when something begins (especially life); "they
divorced after the birth of the child"; "his election
signaled the birth of a new age" [ant: death]
2: the event of being born; "they celebrated the birth of their
first child" [syn: nativity, nascency, nascence]
3: the process of giving birth [syn: parturition, giving
4: the kinship relation of an offspring to the parents [syn: parentage]
v : give birth (to a newborn); "My wife had twins yesterday!"
[syn: give birth, deliver, bear, have]
As soon as a child was born it was washed, and rubbed with salt
(Ezek. 16:4), and then swathed with bandages (Job 38:9; Luke
2:7, 12). A Hebrew mother remained forty days in seclusion after
the birth of a son, and after the birth of a daughter double
that number of days. At the close of that period she entered
into the tabernacle or temple and offered up a sacrifice of
purification (Lev. 12:1-8; Luke 2:22). A son was circumcised on
the eighth day after his birth, being thereby consecrated to God
(Gen. 17:10-12; comp. Rom. 4:11). Seasons of misfortune are
likened to the pains of a woman in travail, and seasons of
prosperity to the joy that succeeds child-birth (Isa. 13:8; Jer.
4:31; John 16:21, 22). The natural birth is referred to as the
emblem of the new birth (John 3:3-8; Gal. 6:15; Titus 3:5,