wrench /ˈrɛnʧ/ 及物動詞
1. Trick; deceit; fraud; stratagem. [Obs.]
His wily wrenches thou ne mayst not flee. --Chaucer.
2. A violent twist, or a pull with twisting.
He wringeth them such a wrench. --Skelton.
The injurious effect upon biographic literature of all such wrenches to the truth, is diffused everywhere. --De Quincey.
3. A sprain; an injury by twisting, as in a joint.
4. Means; contrivance. [Obs.]
5. An instrument, often a simple bar or lever with jaws or an angular orifice either at the end or between the ends, for exerting a twisting strain, as in turning bolts, nuts, screw taps, etc.; a screw key. Many wrenches have adjustable jaws for grasping nuts, etc., of different sizes.
6. Mech. The system made up of a force and a couple of forces in a plane perpendicular to that force. Any number of forces acting at any points upon a rigid body may be compounded so as to be equivalent to a wrench.
Carriage wrench, a wrench adapted for removing or tightening the nuts that confine the wheels on the axles, or for turning the other nuts or bolts of a carriage or wagon.
Monkey wrench. See under Monkey.
Wrench hammer, a wrench with the end shaped so as to admit of being used as a hammer.
Wrench, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wrenched p. pr. & vb. n. Wrenching.]
1. To pull with a twist; to wrest, twist, or force by violence.
Wrench his sword from him. --Shak.
Forthwith this frame of mine was wrenched
With a woeful agony. --Coleridge.
2. To strain; to sprain; hence, to distort; to pervert.
You wrenched your foot against a stone. --Swift.
n 1: a sharp strain on muscles or ligaments; "the wrench to his
knee occurred as he fell"; "he was sidelined with a
hamstring pull" [syn: twist, pull]
2: a jerky pulling movement [syn: twist]
3: a hand tool that is used to hold or twist a nut or bolt
v 1: twist or pull violently or suddenly, especially so as to
remove (something) from that to which it is attached or
from where it originates; "wrench a window off its
hinges"; "wrench oneself free from somebody's grip"; "a
deep sigh was wrenched from his chest" [syn: twist]
2: make a sudden twisting motion
3: twist and compress, as if in pain or anguish; "Wring one's
hand" [syn: wring]
4: twist suddenly so as to sprain; "wrench one's ankle"; "The
wrestler twisted his shoulder"; "the hikers sprained their
ankles when they fell"; "I turned my ankle and couldn't
walk for several days" [syn: twist, sprain, turn, wrick,