a·base /əˈbes/ 動詞
降低…的地位, 降低…的品格, 貶抑
A·base v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abased p. pr. & vb. n. Abasing.]
1. To lower or depress; to throw or cast down; as, to abase the eye. [Archaic]
Saying so, he abased his lance. --Shelton.
2. To cast down or reduce low or lower, as in rank, office, condition in life, or estimation of worthiness; to depress; to humble; to degrade.
Whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased. --Luke xiv. ll.
Syn: -- To Abase, Debase, Degrade. These words agree in the idea of bringing down from a higher to a lower state. Abase has reference to a bringing down in condition or feelings; as, to abase the proud, to abase one's self before God. Debase has reference to the bringing down of a thing in purity, or making it base. It is, therefore, always used in a bad sense, as, to debase the coin of the kingdom, to debase the mind by vicious indulgence, to debase one's style by coarse or vulgar expressions. Degrade has reference to a bringing down from some higher grade or from some standard. Thus, a priest is degraded from the clerical office. When used in a moral sense, it denotes a bringing down in character and just estimation; as, degraded by intemperance, a degrading employment, etc. “Art is degraded when it is regarded only as a trade.”
v : cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of; "He humiliated his
colleague by criticising him in front of the boss" [syn:
humiliate, mortify, chagrin, humble]