mor·ti·fy /ˈmɔrtəˌfaɪ/ 不及物動詞
Mor·ti·fy v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mortified p. pr. & vb. n. Mortifying ]
1. To destroy the organic texture and vital functions of; to produce gangrene in.
2. To destroy the active powers or essential qualities of; to change by chemical action. [Obs.]
Quicksilver is mortified with turpentine. --Bacon.
He mortified pearls in vinegar. --Hakewill.
3. To deaden by religious or other discipline, as the carnal affections, bodily appetites, or worldly desires; to bring into subjection; to abase; to humble; as, to mortify the flesh.
With fasting mortified, worn out with tears. --Harte.
Mortify thy learned lust. --Prior.
Mortify, therefore, your members which are upon the earth. --Col. iii. 5.
4. To affect with vexation, chagrin; to depress.
The news of the fatal battle of Worcester, which exceedingly mortified our expectations. --Evelyn.
How often is the ambitious man mortified with the very praises he receives, if they do not rise so high as he thinks they ought! --Addison.
5. To humiliate deeply, especially by injuring the pride of; to embarrass painfully; to humble; as, the team was mortified to lose by 45 to 0.
Mor·ti·fy, v. i.
1. To lose vitality and organic structure, as flesh of a living body; to gangrene.
2. To practice penance from religious motives; to deaden desires by religious discipline.
This makes him . . . give alms of all that he hath, watch, fast, and mortify. --Law.
3. To be subdued; to decay, as appetites, desires, etc.
v 1: practice self-denial of one's body and appetites
2: hold within limits and control; "subdue one's appetites";
"mortify the flesh" [syn: subdue, cricify]
3: cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of; "He humiliated his
colleague by criticising him in front of the boss" [syn: humiliate,
chagrin, humble, abase]
4: undergo necrosis; "the tissue around the wound necrosed"
[syn: necrose, gangrene, sphacelate]