Salm·on, a. Of a reddish yellow or orange color, like that of the flesh of the salmon.
Salm·on n.; pl. Salmons or (collectively) Salmon.
1. Zool. Any one of several species of fishes of the genus Salmo and allied genera. The common salmon (Salmo salar) of Northern Europe and Eastern North America, and the California salmon, or quinnat, are the most important species. They are extensively preserved for food. See Quinnat.
Note: ☞ The salmons ascend rivers and penetrate to their head streams to spawn. They are remarkably strong fishes, and will even leap over considerable falls which lie in the way of their progress. The common salmon has been known to grow to the weight of seventy-five pounds; more generally it is from fifteen to twenty-five pounds. Young salmon are called parr, peal, smolt, and grilse. Among the true salmons are: Black salmon, or Lake salmon, the namaycush.
Dog salmon, a salmon of Western North America (Oncorhynchus keta).
Humpbacked salmon, a Pacific-coast salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha).
King salmon, the quinnat.
Landlocked salmon, a variety of the common salmon (var. Sebago), long confined in certain lakes in consequence of obstructions that prevented it from returning to the sea. This last is called also dwarf salmon.
Note: Among fishes of other families which are locally and erroneously called salmon are: the pike perch, called jack salmon; the spotted, or southern, squeteague; the cabrilla, called kelp salmon; young pollock, called sea salmon; and the California yellowtail.
2. A reddish yellow or orange color, like the flesh of the salmon.
Salmon berry Bot., a large red raspberry growing from Alaska to California, the fruit of the Rubus Nutkanus.
Salmon killer Zool., a stickleback (Gasterosteus cataphractus) of Western North America and Northern Asia.
Salmon ladder, Salmon stair. See Fish ladder, under Fish.
Salmon peel, a young salmon.
Salmon pipe, a certain device for catching salmon. --Crabb.
Salmon trout. Zool. (a) The European sea trout (Salmo trutta). It resembles the salmon, but is smaller, and has smaller and more numerous scales. (b) The American namaycush. (c) A name that is also applied locally to the adult black spotted trout (Salmo purpuratus), and to the steel head and other large trout of the Pacific coast.
n 1: any of various large food and game fishes of northern
waters; usually migrate from salt to fresh water to
2: a tributary of the Snake River in Idaho [syn: Salmon River]
3: flesh of any of various marine or freshwater fish of the
garment, the son of Nashon (Ruth 4:20; Matt. 1:4, 5), possibly
the same as Salma in 1 Chr. 2:51.
shady; or Zalmon (q.v.), a hill covered with dark forests, south
of Shechem, from which Abimelech and his men gathered wood to
burn that city (Judg. 9:48). In Ps. 68:14 the change from war to
peace is likened to snow on the dark mountain, as some interpret
the expression. Others suppose the words here mean that the
bones of the slain left unburied covered the land, so that it
seemed to be white as if covered with snow. The reference,
however, of the psalm is probably to Josh. 11 and 12. The
scattering of the kings and their followers is fitly likened
unto the snow-flakes rapidly falling on the dark Salmon. It is
the modern Jebel Suleiman.
Salmon, peaceable; perfect; he that rewards