1. A frame usually portable, of wood, metal, or rope, for ascent and descent, consisting of two side pieces to which are fastened cross strips or rounds forming steps.
Some the engines play,
And some, more bold, mount ladders to the fire. --Dryden.
2. That which resembles a ladder in form or use; hence, that by means of which one attains to eminence; as, to climb the corporate ladder.
Lowliness is young ambition's ladder. --Shak.
Fish ladder. See under Fish.
Ladder beetle Zool., an American leaf beetle (Chrysomela scalaris). The elytra are silvery white, striped and spotted with green; the under wings are rose-colored. It feeds upon the linden tree.
Ladder handle, an iron rail at the side of a vertical fixed ladder, to grasp with the hand in climbing.
Ladder shell Zool., a spiral marine shell of the genus Scalaria. See Scalaria.
Salm·on n.; pl. Salmons or (collectively) Salmon.
1. Zool. Any one of several species of fishes of the genus Salmo and allied genera. The common salmon (Salmo salar) of Northern Europe and Eastern North America, and the California salmon, or quinnat, are the most important species. They are extensively preserved for food. See Quinnat.
Note: ☞ The salmons ascend rivers and penetrate to their head streams to spawn. They are remarkably strong fishes, and will even leap over considerable falls which lie in the way of their progress. The common salmon has been known to grow to the weight of seventy-five pounds; more generally it is from fifteen to twenty-five pounds. Young salmon are called parr, peal, smolt, and grilse. Among the true salmons are: Black salmon, or Lake salmon, the namaycush.
Dog salmon, a salmon of Western North America (Oncorhynchus keta).
Humpbacked salmon, a Pacific-coast salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha).
King salmon, the quinnat.
Landlocked salmon, a variety of the common salmon (var. Sebago), long confined in certain lakes in consequence of obstructions that prevented it from returning to the sea. This last is called also dwarf salmon.
Note: Among fishes of other families which are locally and erroneously called salmon are: the pike perch, called jack salmon; the spotted, or southern, squeteague; the cabrilla, called kelp salmon; young pollock, called sea salmon; and the California yellowtail.
2. A reddish yellow or orange color, like the flesh of the salmon.
Salmon berry Bot., a large red raspberry growing from Alaska to California, the fruit of the Rubus Nutkanus.
Salmon killer Zool., a stickleback (Gasterosteus cataphractus) of Western North America and Northern Asia.
Salmon ladder, Salmon stair. See Fish ladder, under Fish.
Salmon peel, a young salmon.
Salmon pipe, a certain device for catching salmon. --Crabb.
Salmon trout. Zool. (a) The European sea trout (Salmo trutta). It resembles the salmon, but is smaller, and has smaller and more numerous scales. (b) The American namaycush. (c) A name that is also applied locally to the adult black spotted trout (Salmo purpuratus), and to the steel head and other large trout of the Pacific coast.
Fish, n.; pl. Fishes or collectively, Fish.
1. A name loosely applied in popular usage to many animals of diverse characteristics, living in the water.
2. Zool. An oviparous, vertebrate animal usually having fins and a covering scales or plates. It breathes by means of gills, and lives almost entirely in the water. See Pisces.
Note: ☞ The true fishes include the Teleostei (bony fishes), Ganoidei, Dipnoi, and Elasmobranchii or Selachians (sharks and skates). Formerly the leptocardia and Marsipobranciata were also included, but these are now generally regarded as two distinct classes, below the fishes.
3. pl. The twelfth sign of the zodiac; Pisces.
4. The flesh of fish, used as food.
5. Naut. (a) A purchase used to fish the anchor. (b) A piece of timber, somewhat in the form of a fish, used to strengthen a mast or yard.
Note: ☞ Fish is used adjectively or as part of a compound word; as, fish line, fish pole, fish spear, fish-bellied.
Age of Fishes. See under Age, n., 8.
Fish ball, fish (usually salted codfish) shared fine, mixed with mashed potato, and made into the form of a small, round cake. [U.S.]
Fish bar. Same as Fish plate (below).
Fish beam Mech., a beam one of whose sides (commonly the under one) swells out like the belly of a fish. --Francis.
Fish crow Zool., a species of crow (Corvus ossifragus), found on the Atlantic coast of the United States. It feeds largely on fish.
Fish culture, the artifical breeding and rearing of fish; pisciculture.
Fish davit. See Davit.
Fish day, a day on which fish is eaten; a fast day.
Fish duck Zool., any species of merganser.
Fish fall, the tackle depending from the fish davit, used in hauling up the anchor to the gunwale of a ship.
Fish garth, a dam or weir in a river for keeping fish or taking them easily.
Fish glue. See Isinglass.
Fish joint, a joint formed by a plate or pair of plates fastened upon two meeting beams, plates, etc., at their junction; -- used largely in connecting the rails of railroads.
Fish kettle, a long kettle for boiling fish whole.
Fish ladder, a dam with a series of steps which fish can leap in order to ascend falls in a river.
Fish line, or Fishing line, a line made of twisted hair, silk, etc., used in angling.
Fish louse Zool., any crustacean parasitic on fishes, esp. the parasitic Copepoda, belonging to Caligus, Argulus, and other related genera. See Branchiura.
Fish maw Zool., the stomach of a fish; also, the air bladder, or sound.
Fish meal, fish desiccated and ground fine, for use in soups, etc.
Fish oil, oil obtained from the bodies of fish and marine animals, as whales, seals, sharks, from cods' livers, etc.
Fish owl Zool., a fish-eating owl of the Old World genera Scotopelia and Ketupa, esp. a large East Indian species (K. Ceylonensis).
Fish plate, one of the plates of a fish joint.
Fish pot, a wicker basket, sunk, with a float attached, for catching crabs, lobsters, etc.
Fish pound, a net attached to stakes, for entrapping and catching fish; a weir. [Local, U.S.] --Bartlett.
Fish slice, a broad knife for dividing fish at table; a fish trowel.
Fish slide, an inclined box set in a stream at a small fall, or ripple, to catch fish descending the current. --Knight.
Fish sound, the air bladder of certain fishes, esp. those that are dried and used as food, or in the arts, as for the preparation of isinglass.
Fish story, a story which taxes credulity; an extravagant or incredible narration. [Colloq. U.S.] --Bartlett.
Fish strainer. (a) A metal colander, with handles, for taking fish from a boiler. (b) A perforated earthenware slab at the bottom of a dish, to drain the water from a boiled fish.
Fish trowel, a fish slice.
Fish weir or Fish wear, a weir set in a stream, for catching fish.
Neither fish nor flesh, Neither fish nor fowl (Fig.), neither one thing nor the other.
n : a series of ascending pools providing a passage for salmon
to swim upstream past a dam