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2 definitions found

From: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary

    shoulder. (1.) The son of Hamor the Hivite (Gen. 33:19; 34).
      (2.) A descendant of Manasseh (Num. 26:31; Josh. 17:2).
      (3.) A city in Samaria (Gen. 33:18), called also Sichem
    (12:6), Sychem (Acts 7:16). It stood in the narrow sheltered
    valley between Ebal on the north and Gerizim on the south, these
    mountains at their base being only some 500 yards apart. Here
    Abraham pitched his tent and built his first altar in the
    Promised Land, and received the first divine promise (Gen. 12:6,
    7). Here also Jacob "bought a parcel of a field at the hands of
    the children of Hamor" after his return from Mesopotamia, and
    settled with his household, which he purged from idolatry by
    burying the teraphim of his followers under an oak tree, which
    was afterwards called "the oak of the sorcerer" (Gen. 33:19;
    35:4; Judg. 9:37). (See MEONENIM.) Here too, after a
    while, he dug a well, which bears his name to this day (John
    4:5, 39-42). To Shechem Joshua gathered all Israel "before God,"
    and delivered to them his second parting address (Josh.
    24:1-15). He "made a covenant with the people that day" at the
    very place where, on first entering the land, they had responded
    to the law from Ebal and Gerizim (Josh. 24:25), the terms of
    which were recorded "in the book of the law of God", i.e., in
    the roll of the law of Moses; and in memory of this solemn
    transaction a great stone was set up "under an oak" (comp. Gen.
    28:18; 31:44-48; Ex. 24:4; Josh. 4:3, 8, 9), possibly the old
    "oak of Moreh," as a silent witness of the transaction to all
    coming time.
      Shechem became one of the cities of refuge, the central city
    of refuge for Western Palestine (Josh. 20:7), and here the bones
    of Joseph were buried (24:32). Rehoboam was appointed king in
    Shechem (1 Kings 12:1, 19), but Jeroboam afterwards took up his
    residence here. This city is mentioned in connection with our
    Lord's conversation with the woman of Samaria (John 4:5); and
    thus, remaining as it does to the present day, it is one of the
    oldest cities of the world. It is the modern Nablus, a
    contraction for Neapolis, the name given to it by Vespasian. It
    lies about a mile and a half up the valley on its southern
    slope, and on the north of Gerizim, which rises about 1,100 feet
    above it, and is about 34 miles north of Jerusalem. It contains
    about 10,000 inhabitants, of whom about 160 are Samaritans and
    100 Jews, the rest being Christians and Mohammedans.
      The site of Shechem is said to be of unrivalled beauty.
    Stanley says it is "the most beautiful, perhaps the only very
    beautiful, spot in Central Palestine."
      Gaza, near Shechem, only mentioned 1 Chr. 7:28, has entirely
    disappeared. It was destroyed at the time of the Conquest, and
    its place was taken by Shechem. (See SYCHAR.)

From: Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (late 1800's)

 Shechem, part; portion; back early in the morning