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From: DICT.TW English-Chinese Dictionary 英漢字典

 jo·seph /ˈʤozəf ||səf/

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Jo·seph n. An outer garment worn in the 18th century; esp., a woman's riding habit, buttoned down the front.

From: WordNet (r) 2.0

      n 1: leader of the Nez Perce in their retreat from United States
           troops (1840-1904) [syn: Chief Joseph]
      2: (Old Testament) the 11th son of Jacob and one of the 12
         patriarchs of Israel; Jacob gave Joseph a coat of many
         colors, which made his brothers jealous and they sold him
         into slavery in Egypt
      3: (New Testament) husband of Mary and (in Christian belief)
         the foster father of Jesus

From: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary

    remover or increaser. (1.) The elder of the two sons of Jacob by
    Rachel (Gen. 30:23, 24), who, on the occasion of his birth,
    said, "God hath taken away [Heb. 'asaph] my reproach." "The Lord
    shall add [Heb. yoseph] to me another son" (Gen. 30:24). He was
    a child of probably six years of age when his father returned
    from Haran to Canaan and took up his residence in the old
    patriarchal town of Hebron. "Now Israel loved Joseph more than
    all his children, because he was the son of his old age," and he
    "made him a long garment with sleeves" (Gen. 37:3, R.V. marg.),
    i.e., a garment long and full, such as was worn by the children
    of nobles. This seems to be the correct rendering of the words.
    The phrase, however, may also be rendered, "a coat of many
    pieces", i.e., a patchwork of many small pieces of divers
      When he was about seventeen years old Joseph incurred the
    jealous hatred of his brothers (Gen. 37:4). They "hated him, and
    could not speak peaceably unto him." Their anger was increased
    when he told them his dreams (37:11).
      Jacob desiring to hear tidings of his sons, who had gone to
    Shechem with their flocks, some 60 miles from Hebron, sent
    Joseph as his messenger to make inquiry regarding them. Joseph
    found that they had left Shechem for Dothan, whither he followed
    them. As soon as they saw him coming they began to plot against
    him, and would have killed him had not Reuben interposed. They
    ultimately sold him to a company of Ishmaelite merchants for
    twenty pieces (shekels) of silver (about $2, 10s.), ten pieces
    less than the current value of a slave, for "they cared little
    what they had for him, if so be they were rid of him." These
    merchants were going down with a varied assortment of
    merchandise to the Egyptian market, and thither they conveyed
    him, and ultimately sold him as a slave to Potiphar, an "officer
    of Pharaoh's, and captain of the guard" (Gen. 37:36). "The Lord
    blessed the Egyptian's house for Joseph's sake," and Potiphar
    made him overseer over his house. At length a false charge
    having been brought against him by Potiphar's wife, he was at
    once cast into the state prison (39; 40), where he remained for
    at least two years. After a while the "chief of the cupbearers"
    and the "chief of the bakers" of Pharaoh's household were cast
    into the same prison (40:2). Each of these new prisoners dreamed
    a dream in the same night, which Joseph interpreted, the event
    occurring as he had said.
      This led to Joseph's being remembered subsequently by the
    chief butler when Pharaoh also dreamed. At his suggestion Joseph
    was brought from prison to interpret the king's dreams. Pharaoh
    was well pleased with Joseph's wisdom in interpreting his
    dreams, and with his counsel with reference to the events then
    predicted; and he set him over all the land of Egypt (Gen.
    41:46), and gave him the name of Zaphnath-paaneah. He was
    married to Asenath, the daughter of the priest of On, and thus
    became a member of the priestly class. Joseph was now about
    thirty years of age.
      As Joseph had interpreted, seven years of plenty came, during
    which he stored up great abundance of corn in granaries built
    for the purpose. These years were followed by seven years of
    famine "over all the face of the earth," when "all countries
    came into Egypt to Joseph to buy corn" (Gen. 41:56, 57; 47:13,
    14). Thus "Joseph gathered up all the money that was in the land
    of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, for the corn which they
    bought." Afterwards all the cattle and all the land, and at last
    the Egyptians themselves, became the property of Pharaoh.
      During this period of famine Joseph's brethren also came down
    to Egypt to buy corn. The history of his dealings with them, and
    of the manner in which he at length made himself known to them,
    is one of the most interesting narratives that can be read (Gen.
    42-45). Joseph directed his brethren to return and bring Jacob
    and his family to the land of Egypt, saying, "I will give you
    the good of the land of Egypt, and ye shall eat the fat of the
    land. Regard not your stuff; for the good of all the land is
    yours." Accordingly Jacob and his family, to the number of
    threescore and ten souls, together with "all that they had,"
    went down to Egypt. They were settled in the land of Goshen,
    where Joseph met his father, and "fell on his neck, and wept on
    his neck a good while" (Gen. 46:29).
      The excavations of Dr. Naville have shown the land of Goshen
    to be the Wady Tumilat, between Ismailia and Zagazig. In Goshen
    (Egyptian Qosem) they had pasture for their flocks, were near
    the Asiatic frontier of Egypt, and were out of the way of the
    Egyptian people. An inscription speaks of it as a district given
    up to the wandering shepherds of Asia.
      Jacob at length died, and in fulfilment of a promise which he
    had exacted, Joseph went up to Canaan to bury his father in "the
    field of Ephron the Hittite" (Gen. 47:29-31; 50:1-14). This was
    the last recorded act of Joseph, who again returned to Egypt.
      "The 'Story of the Two Brothers,' an Egyptian romance written
    for the son of the Pharaoh of the Oppression, contains an
    episode very similar to the Biblical account of Joseph's
    treatment by Potiphar's wife. Potiphar and Potipherah are the
    Egyptian Pa-tu-pa-Ra, 'the gift of the sun-god.' The name given
    to Joseph, Zaphnath-paaneah, is probably the Egyptian
    Zaf-nti-pa-ankh, 'nourisher of the living one,' i.e., of the
    Pharaoh. There are many instances in the inscriptions of
    foreigners in Egypt receiving Egyptian names, and rising to the
    highest offices of state."
      By his wife Asenath, Joseph had two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim
    (Gen. 41:50). Joseph having obtained a promise from his brethren
    that when the time should come that God would "bring them unto
    the land which he sware to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob,"
    they would carry up his bones out of Egypt, at length died, at
    the age of one hundred and ten years; and "they embalmed him,
    and he was put in a coffin" (Gen. 50:26). This promise was
    faithfully observed. Their descendants, long after, when the
    Exodus came, carried the body about with them during their forty
    years' wanderings, and at length buried it in Shechem, in the
    parcel of ground which Jacob bought from the sons of Hamor
    (Josh. 24:32; comp. Gen. 33:19). With the death of Joseph the
    patriarchal age of the history of Israel came to a close.
      The Pharaoh of Joseph's elevation was probably Apepi, or
    Apopis, the last of the Hyksos kings. Some, however, think that
    Joseph came to Egypt in the reign of Thothmes III. (see PHARAOH
    T0002923), long after the expulsion of the Hyksos.
      The name Joseph denotes the two tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh
    in Deut. 33:13-17; the kingdom of Israel in Ezek. 37:16, 19,
    Amos 5:6; and the whole covenant people of Israel in Ps. 81:4.
      (2.) One of the sons of Asaph, head of the first division of
    sacred musicians (1 Chr. 25:2, 9).
      (3.) The son of Judah, and father of Semei (Luke 3:26). Other
    two of the same name in the ancestry of Christ are also
    mentioned (3:24, 30).
      (4.) The foster-father of our Lord (Matt. 1:16; Luke 3:23). He
    lived at Nazareth in Galilee (Luke 2:4). He is called a "just
    man." He was by trade a carpenter (Matt. 13:55). He is last
    mentioned in connection with the journey to Jerusalem, when
    Jesus was twelve years old. It is probable that he died before
    Jesus entered on his public ministry. This is concluded from the
    fact that Mary only was present at the marriage feast in Cana of
    Galilee. His name does not appear in connection with the scenes
    of the crucifixion along with that of Mary (q.v.), John 19:25.
      (5.) A native of Arimathea, probably the Ramah of the Old
    Testament (1 Sam. 1:19), a man of wealth, and a member of the
    Sanhedrim (Matt. 27:57; Luke 23:50), an "honourable counsellor,
    who waited for the kingdom of God." As soon as he heard the
    tidings of Christ's death, he "went in boldly" (lit. "having
    summoned courage, he went") "unto Pilate, and craved the body of
    Jesus." Pilate having ascertained from the centurion that the
    death had really taken place, granted Joseph's request, who
    immediately, having purchased fine linen (Mark 15:46), proceeded
    to Golgotha to take the body down from the cross. There,
    assisted by Nicodemus, he took down the body and wrapped it in
    the fine linen, sprinkling it with the myrrh and aloes which
    Nicodemus had brought (John 19:39), and then conveyed the body
    to the new tomb hewn by Joseph himself out of a rock in his
    garden hard by. There they laid it, in the presence of Mary
    Magdalene, Mary the mother of Joses, and other women, and rolled
    a great stone to the entrance, and departed (Luke 23:53, 55).
    This was done in haste, "for the Sabbath was drawing on" (comp.
    Isa. 53:9).
      (6.) Surnamed Barsabas (Acts 1:23); also called Justus. He was
    one of those who "companied with the apostles all the time that
    the Lord Jesus went out and in among them" (Acts 1:21), and was
    one of the candidates for the place of Judas.

From: Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (late 1800's)

 Joseph, increase; addition