bore /ˈbor, ˈbɔr/
bore /ˈbo(ə)r, ˈbɔ(ə)r/ 名詞
Bear v. t. [imp. Bore (formerly Bare ); p. p. Born Borne (bōrn); p. pr. & vb. n. Bearing.]
1. To support or sustain; to hold up.
2. To support and remove or carry; to convey.
I 'll bear your logs the while. --Shak.
3. To conduct; to bring; -- said of persons. [Obs.]
Bear them to my house. --Shak.
4. To possess and use, as power; to exercise.
Every man should bear rule in his own house. --Esther i. 22.
5. To sustain; to have on (written or inscribed, or as a mark), as, the tablet bears this inscription.
6. To possess or carry, as a mark of authority or distinction; to wear; as, to bear a sword, badge, or name.
7. To possess mentally; to carry or hold in the mind; to entertain; to harbor
The ancient grudge I bear him. --Shak.
8. To endure; to tolerate; to undergo; to suffer.
Should such a man, too fond to rule alone,
Bear, like the Turk, no brother near the throne. --Pope.
I cannot bear
The murmur of this lake to hear. --Shelley.
My punishment is greater than I can bear. --Gen. iv. 13.
9. To gain or win. [Obs.]
Some think to bear it by speaking a great word. --Bacon.
She was . . . found not guilty, through bearing of friends and bribing of the judge. --Latimer.
10. To sustain, or be answerable for, as blame, expense, responsibility, etc.
He shall bear their iniquities. --Is. liii. 11.
Somewhat that will bear your charges. --Dryden.
11. To render or give; to bring forward. “Your testimony bear”
12. To carry on, or maintain; to have. “The credit of bearing a part in the conversation.”
13. To admit or be capable of; that is, to suffer or sustain without violence, injury, or change.
In all criminal cases the most favorable interpretation should be put on words that they can possibly bear. --Swift.
14. To manage, wield, or direct. “Thus must thou thy body bear.” --Shak. Hence: To behave; to conduct.
Hath he borne himself penitently in prison? --Shak.
15. To afford; to be to; to supply with.
His faithful dog shall bear him company. --Pope.
16. To bring forth or produce; to yield; as, to bear apples; to bear children; to bear interest.
Here dwelt the man divine whom Samos bore. --Dryden.
Note: ☞ In the passive form of this verb, the best modern usage restricts the past participle born to the sense of brought forth, while borne is used in the other senses of the word. In the active form, borne alone is used as the past participle.
To bear down. (a) To force into a lower place; to carry down; to depress or sink. “His nose, . . . large as were the others, bore them down into insignificance.” --Marryat. (b) To overthrow or crush by force; as, to bear down an enemy.
To bear a hand. (a) To help; to give assistance. (b) Naut. To make haste; to be quick.
To bear in hand, to keep (one) up in expectation, usually by promises never to be realized; to amuse by false pretenses; to delude. [Obs.] “How you were borne in hand, how crossed.” --Shak.
To bear in mind, to remember.
To bear off. (a) To restrain; to keep from approach. (b) Naut. To remove to a distance; to keep clear from rubbing against anything; as, to bear off a blow; to bear off a boat. (c) To gain; to carry off, as a prize. (d) Backgammon To remove from the backgammon board into the home when the position of the piece and the dice provide the proper opportunity; -- the goal of the game is to bear off all of one's men before the opponent.
To bear one hard, to owe one a grudge. [Obs.] “Cæsar doth bear me hard.” --Shak.
To bear out. (a) To maintain and support to the end; to defend to the last. “Company only can bear a man out in an ill thing.” --South. (b) To corroborate; to confirm.
To bear up, to support; to keep from falling or sinking. “Religious hope bears up the mind under sufferings.” --Addison.
Syn: -- To uphold; sustain; maintain; support; undergo; suffer; endure; tolerate; carry; convey; transport; waft.
Bore, v. i.
1. To make a hole or perforation with, or as with, a boring instrument; to cut a circular hole by the rotary motion of a tool; as, to bore for water or oil (i. e., to sink a well by boring for water or oil); to bore with a gimlet; to bore into a tree (as insects).
2. To be pierced or penetrated by an instrument that cuts as it turns; as, this timber does not bore well, or is hard to bore.
3. To push forward in a certain direction with laborious effort.
They take their flight . . . boring to the west. --Dryden.
4. Man. To shoot out the nose or toss it in the air; -- said of a horse.
1. A hole made by boring; a perforation.
2. The internal cylindrical cavity of a gun, cannon, pistol, or other firearm, or of a pipe or tube.
The bores of wind instruments. --Bacon.
Love's counselor should fill the bores of hearing. --Shak.
3. The size of a hole; the interior diameter of a tube or gun barrel; the caliber.
4. A tool for making a hole by boring, as an auger.
5. Caliber; importance. [Obs.]
Yet are they much too light for the bore of the matter. --Shak.
6. A person or thing that wearies by prolixity or dullness; a tiresome person or affair; any person or thing which causes ennui.
It is as great a bore as to hear a poet read his own verses. --Hawthorne.
Bore, n. Physical Geog. (a) A tidal flood which regularly or occasionally rushes into certain rivers of peculiar configuration or location, in one or more waves which present a very abrupt front of considerable height, dangerous to shipping, as at the mouth of the Amazon, in South America, the Hoogly and Indus, in India, and the Tsien-tang, in China. (b) Less properly, a very high and rapid tidal flow, when not so abrupt, such as occurs at the Bay of Fundy and in the British Channel.
Bore, imp. of 1st & 2d Bear.
Bore v. t. [imp. & p. p. Bored p. pr. & vb. n. Boring.]
1. To perforate or penetrate, as a solid body, by turning an auger, gimlet, drill, or other instrument; to make a round hole in or through; to pierce; as, to bore a plank.
I'll believe as soon this whole earth may be bored. --Shak.
2. To form or enlarge by means of a boring instrument or apparatus; as, to bore a steam cylinder or a gun barrel; to bore a hole.
Short but very powerful jaws, by means whereof the insect can bore, as with a centerbit, a cylindrical passage through the most solid wood. --T. W. Harris.
3. To make (a passage) by laborious effort, as in boring; as, to bore one's way through a crowd; to force a narrow and difficult passage through. “What bustling crowds I bored.”
4. To weary by tedious iteration or by dullness; to tire; to trouble; to vex; to annoy; to pester.
He bores me with some trick. --Shak.
Used to come and bore me at rare intervals. --Carlyle.
5. To befool; to trick. [Obs.]
I am abused, betrayed; I am laughed at, scorned,
Baffled and bored, it seems. --Beau. & Fl.
n 1: massive plantigrade carnivorous or omnivorous mammals with
long shaggy coats and strong claws
2: an investor with a pessimistic market outlook; an investor
who expects prices to fall and so sells now in order to
buy later at a lower price [ant: bull]
v 1: have; "bear a resemblance"; "bear a signature"
2: give birth (to a newborn); "My wife had twins yesterday!"
[syn: give birth, deliver, birth, have]
3: put up with something or somebody unpleasant; "I cannot bear
his constant criticism"; "The new secretary had to endure
a lot of unprofessional remarks"; "he learned to tolerate
the heat"; "She stuck out two years in a miserable
marriage" [syn: digest, endure, stick out, stomach,
stand, tolerate, support, brook, abide, suffer,
4: move while holding up or supporting; "Bear gifts"; "bear a
heavy load"; "bear news"; "bearing orders"
5: bring forth, "The apple tree bore delicious apples this
year"; "The unidentified plant bore gorgeous flowers"
[syn: turn out]
6: take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another
person; "I'll accept the charges"; "She agreed to bear the
responsibility" [syn: take over, accept, assume]
7: contain or hold; have within; "The jar carries wine"; "The
canteen holds fresh water"; "This can contains water"
[syn: hold, carry, contain]
8: bring in; "interest-bearing accounts"; "How much does this
savings certificate pay annually?" [syn: yield, pay]
9: have on one's person; "He wore a red ribbon"; "bear a scar"
10: behave in a certain manner; "She carried herself well"; "he
bore himself with dignity"; "They conducted themselves
well during these difficult times" [syn: behave, acquit,
deport, conduct, comport, carry]
11: have rightfully; of rights, titles, and offices; "She bears
the title of Duchess"; "He held the governorship for
almost a decade" [syn: hold]
12: support or hold in a certain manner; "She holds her head
high"; "He carried himself upright" [syn: hold, carry]
13: be pregnant with; "She is bearing his child"; "The are
expecting another child in January"; "I am carrying his
child" [syn: have a bun in the oven, carry, gestate,
[also: borne, born, bore]
n 1: a person who evokes boredom [syn: dullard]
2: a high wave (often dangerous) caused by tidal flow (as by
colliding tidal currents or in a narrow estuary) [syn: tidal
bore, eagre, aegir, eager]
3: diameter of a tube or gun barrel [syn: gauge, caliber, calibre]
4: a hole or passage made by a drill; usually made for
exploratory purposes [syn: bore-hole, drill hole]
v 1: cause to be bored [syn: tire] [ant: interest]
2: make a hole with a pointed power or hand tool; "don't drill
here, there's a gas pipe"; "drill a hole into the wall";
"drill for oil" [syn: drill]