tribe /ˈtraɪb/ 名詞
1. A family, race, or series of generations, descending from the same progenitor, and kept distinct, as in the case of the twelve tribes of Israel, descended from the twelve sons of Jacob. “The Lion of the tribe of Juda.”
A wealthy Hebrew of my tribe. --Shak.
2. Bot. A number of species or genera having certain structural characteristics in common; as, a tribe of plants; a tribe of animals.
Note: ☞ By many recent naturalists, tribe has been used for a group of animals or plants intermediate between order and genus.
3. A nation of savages or uncivilized people; a body of rude people united under one leader or government; as, the tribes of the Six Nations; the Seneca tribe.
4. A division, class, or distinct portion of a people, from whatever cause that distinction may have originated; as, the city of Athens was divided into ten tribes.
5. Stock Breeding A family of animals descended from some particular female progenitor, through the female line; as, the Duchess tribe of shorthorns.
Tribe, v. t. To distribute into tribes or classes. [R.]
Our fowl, fish, and quadruped are well tribed. --Abp. Nicolson.
n 1: a social division of (usually preliterate) people [syn: folk]
2: a federation (as of American Indians) [syn: federation of
3: (biology) a taxonomic category between a genus and a
4: group of people related by blood or marriage [syn: kin, kin
group, kinship group, kindred, clan]
a collection of families descending from one ancestor. The
"twelve tribes" of the Hebrews were the twelve collections of
families which sprang from the sons of Jacob. In Matt. 24:30 the
word has a wider significance. The tribes of Israel are referred
to as types of the spiritual family of God (Rev. 7). (See
ISRAEL, KINGDOM OF; JUDAH, KINGDOM OF.)