Heav·y a. [Compar. Heavier superl. Heaviest.]
1. Heaved or lifted with labor; not light; weighty; ponderous; as, a heavy stone; hence, sometimes, large in extent, quantity, or effects; as, a heavy fall of rain or snow; a heavy failure; heavy business transactions, etc.; often implying strength; as, a heavy barrier; also, difficult to move; as, a heavy draught.
2. Not easy to bear; burdensome; oppressive; hard to endure or accomplish; hence, grievous, afflictive; as, heavy yokes, expenses, undertakings, trials, news, etc.
The hand of the Lord was heavy upon them of Ashdod. --1 Sam. v. 6.
The king himself hath a heavy reckoning to make. --Shak.
Sent hither to impart the heavy news. --Wordsworth.
Trust him not in matter of heavy consequence. --Shak.
3. Laden with that which is weighty; encumbered; burdened; bowed down, either with an actual burden, or with care, grief, pain, disappointment.
The heavy [sorrowing] nobles all in council were. --Chapman.
A light wife doth make a heavy husband. --Shak.
4. Slow; sluggish; inactive; or lifeless, dull, inanimate, stupid; as, a heavy gait, looks, manners, style, and the like; a heavy writer or book.
Whilst the heavy plowman snores. --Shak.
Of a heavy, dull, degenerate mind. --Dryden.
Neither [is] his ear heavy, that it can not hear. --Is. lix. 1.
5. Strong; violent; forcible; as, a heavy sea, storm, cannonade, and the like.
6. Loud; deep; -- said of sound; as, heavy thunder.
But, hark! that heavy sound breaks in once more. --Byron.
7. Dark with clouds, or ready to rain; gloomy; -- said of the sky.
8. Impeding motion; cloggy; clayey; -- said of earth; as, a heavy road, soil, and the like.
9. Not raised or made light; as, heavy bread.
10. Not agreeable to, or suitable for, the stomach; not easily digested; -- said of food.
11. Having much body or strength; -- said of wines, or other liquors.
12. With child; pregnant. [R.]
Heavy artillery. Mil. (a) Guns of great weight or large caliber, esp. siege, garrison, and seacoast guns. (b) Troops which serve heavy guns.
Heavy cavalry. See under Cavalry.
Heavy fire Mil., a continuous or destructive cannonading, or discharge of small arms.
Heavy metal Mil., large guns carrying balls of a large size; also, large balls for such guns.
Heavy metals. Chem. See under Metal.
Heavy weight, in wrestling, boxing, etc., a term applied to the heaviest of the classes into which contestants are divided. Cf. Feather weight (c), under Feather.
Note: ☞ Heavy is used in composition to form many words which need no special explanation; as, heavy-built, heavy-browed, heavy-gaited, etc.
adj 1: of comparatively great physical weight or density; "a heavy
load"; "lead is a heavy metal"; "heavy mahogony
furniture" [ant: light]
2: unusually great in degree or quantity or number; "heavy
taxes"; "a heavy fine"; "heavy casualties"; "heavy
losses"; "heavy rain"; "heavy traffic" [ant: light]
3: of the military or industry; using (or being) the heaviest
and most powerful armaments or weapons or equipment;
"heavy artillery"; "heavy infantry"; "a heavy cruiser";
"heavy guns"; "heavy industry involves large-scale
production of basic products (such as steel) used by other
industries" [ant: light]
4: having or suggesting a viscous consistency; "heavy cream"
5: wide from side to side; "a heavy black mark" [syn: thick]
6: marked by great psychological weight; weighted down
especially with sadness or troubles or weariness; "a heavy
heart"; "a heavy schedule"; "heavy news"; "a heavy
silence"; "heavy eyelids" [ant: light]
7: usually describes a large person who is fat but has a large
frame to carry it [syn: fleshy, overweight]
8: (used of soil) compact and fine-grained; "the clayey soil
was heavy and easily saturated" [syn: clayey, cloggy]
9: darkened by clouds; "a heavy sky" [syn: lowering, sullen,
10: of great intensity or power or force; "a heavy blow"; "the
fighting was heavy"; "heavy seas" [ant: light]
11: (physics, chemistry) being or containing an isotope with
greater than average atomic mass or weight; "heavy
hydrogen"; "heavy water" [ant: light]
12: (of an actor or role) being or playing the villain; "Iago is
the heavy role in `Othello'"
13: permitting little if any light to pass through because of
denseness of matter; "dense smoke"; "heavy fog";
"impenetrable gloom" [syn: dense, impenetrable]
14: made of fabric having considerable thickness; "a heavy coat"
15: of a drinker or drinking; indulging intemperately; "does a
lot of hard drinking"; "a heavy drinker" [syn: hard(a)]
16: prodigious; "big spender"; "big eater"; "heavy investor"
[syn: big(a), heavy(a)]
17: used of syllables or musical beats [syn: accented, strong]
18: full and loud and deep; "heavy sounds"; "a herald chosen for
his sonorous voice" [syn: sonorous]
19: of great gravity or crucial import; requiring serious
thought; "grave responsibilities"; "faced a grave
decision in a time of crisis"; "a grievous fault"; "heavy
matters of state"; "the weighty matters to be discussed
at the peace conference" [syn: grave, grievous, weighty]
20: slow and laborious because of weight; "the heavy tread of
tired troops"; "moved with a lumbering sag-bellied trot";
"ponderous prehistoric beasts"; "a ponderous yawn" [syn:
21: large and powerful; especially designed for heavy loads or
rough work; "a heavy truck"; "heavy machinery"
22: dense or inadequately leavened and hence likely to cause
distress in the alimentary canal; "a heavy pudding"
23: sharply inclined; "a heavy grade"
24: full of; bearing great weight; "trees heavy with fruit";
"vines weighed down with grapes" [syn: weighed down]
25: requiring or showing effort; "heavy breathing"; "the subject
made for labored reading" [syn: labored, laboured]
26: characterized by toilsome effort to the point of exhaustion;
especially physical effort; "worked their arduous way up
the mining valley"; "a grueling campaign"; "hard labor";
"heavy work"; "heavy going"; "spent many laborious hours
on the project"; "set a punishing pace" [syn: arduous,
backbreaking, grueling, gruelling, hard, laborious,
27: lacking lightness or liveliness; "heavy humor"; "a leaden
conversation" [syn: leaden]
28: (of sleep) deep and complete; "a heavy sleep"; "fell into a
profound sleep"; "a sound sleeper"; "deep wakeless sleep"
[syn: profound, sound, wakeless]
29: in an advanced stage of pregnancy; "was big with child";
"was great with child" [syn: big(p), enceinte, expectant,
gravid, great(p), large(p), heavy(p), with
n 1: an actor who plays villainous roles
2: a serious (or tragic) role in a play
adv : slowly as if burdened by much weight; "time hung heavy on
their hands" [syn: heavily]
[also: heaviest, heavier]