en·dem·ic /ɛnˈdɛmɪk, ɪn-/
en·dem·ic /ɛnˈdɛmɪk, ɪn-/ 形容詞
En·de·mic En·de·mic·al a. Med.
1. Peculiar to a district or particular locality, or class of persons; as, an endemic disease.
Note: ☞ An endemic disease is one which is constantly present to a greater or less degree in any place, as distinguished from an epidemic disease, which prevails widely at some one time, or periodically, and from a sporadic disease, of which a few instances occur now and then.
2. Belonging or native to a particular people or country; native as distinguished from introduced or naturalized; hence, regularly or ordinarily occurring in a given region; local; as, a plant endemic in Australia; -- often distinguished from exotic.
The traditions of folklore . . . form a kind of endemic symbolism. --F. W. H. Myers.
En·dem·ic, n. Med. An endemic disease.
Fear, which is an endemic latent in every human heart, sometimes rises into an epidemic. --J. B. Heard.
adj 1: of or relating to a disease (or anything resembling a
disease) constantly present to greater or lesser
extent in a particular locality; "diseases endemic to
the tropics"; "endemic malaria"; "food shortages and
starvation are endemic in certain parts of the world"
[syn: endemical] [ant: epidemic, ecdemic]
2: native to or confined to a certain region; "the islands have
a number of interesting endemic species" [ant: cosmopolitan]
3: originating where it is found; "the autochthonal fauna of
Australia includes the kangaroo"; "autochthonous rocks and
people and folktales"; "endemic folkways"; "the Ainu are
indigenous to the northernmost islands of Japan" [syn: autochthonal,
autochthonic, autochthonous, indigenous]
n 1: a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser
degree in people of a certain class or in people living
in a particular location [syn: endemic disease]
2: a plant that is native to a certain limited area; "it is an
endemic found only this island"