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From: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary

 Shewbread
    Ex. 25:30 (R.V. marg., "presence bread"); 1 Chr. 9:32 (marg.,
    "bread of ordering"); Num. 4:7: called "hallowed bread" (R.V.,
    "holy bread") in 1 Sam. 21:1-6.
      This bread consisted of twelve loaves made of the finest
    flour. They were flat and thin, and were placed in two rows of
    six each on a table in the holy place before the Lord. They were
    renewed every Sabbath (Lev. 24:5-9), and those that were removed
    to give place to the new ones were to be eaten by the priests
    only in the holy place (see 1 Sam. 21:3-6; comp. Matt. 12:3, 4).
      The number of the loaves represented the twelve tribes of
    Israel, and also the entire spiritual Israel, "the true Israel;"
    and the placing of them on the table symbolized the entire
    consecration of Israel to the Lord, and their acceptance of God
    as their God. The table for the bread was made of acacia wood, 3
    feet long, 18 inches broad, and 2 feet 3 inches high. It was
    plated with pure gold. Two staves, plated with gold, passed
    through golden rings, were used for carrying it.