sa·po·nin /ˈsæpənən, səˈpo-/
皂草□; 皂素; 皂□
sa·po·nin /ˈsæpənən, səˈpo-/ 名詞
Sap·o·nin n. Chem. A poisonous glucoside found in many plants, as in the root of soapwort (Saponaria officinalis), in the bark of soap bark (Quillaja saponaria), etc. It is extracted as a white amorphous powder, which produces a soapy lather in solution, and produces a local anaesthesia. It is used as a detergent and for emulsifying oils. Formerly called also struthiin, quillaiin, senegin, polygalic acid, etc. By extension, any one of a group of related bodies of which saponin proper is the type.
n : any of various plant glucosides that form soapy lathers when
mixed and agitated with water; used in detergents and
foaming agents and emulsifiers