starve /ˈstɑrv/ 動詞
Starve v. i. [imp. & p. p. Starved p. pr. & vb. n. Starving.]
1. To die; to perish. [Obs., except in the sense of perishing with cold or hunger.]
In hot coals he hath himself raked . . .
Thus starved this worthy mighty Hercules. --Chaucer.
2. To perish with hunger; to suffer extreme hunger or want; to be very indigent.
Sometimes virtue starves, while vice is fed. --Pope.
3. To perish or die with cold.
Have I seen the naked starve for cold? --Sandys.
Starving with cold as well as hunger. --W. Irving.
Note: ☞ In this sense, still common in England, but rarely used in the United States.
Starve, v. t.
1. To destroy with cold. [Eng.]
From beds of raging fire, to starve in ice
Their soft ethereal warmth. --Milton.
2. To kill with hunger; as, maliciously to starve a man is, in law, murder.
3. To distress or subdue by famine; as, to starve a garrison into a surrender.
Attalus endeavored to starve Italy by stopping their convoy of provisions from Africa. --Arbuthnot.
4. To destroy by want of any kind; as, to starve plants by depriving them of proper light and air.
5. To deprive of force or vigor; to disable.
The pens of historians, writing thereof, seemed starved for matter in an age so fruitful of memorable actions. --Fuller.
The powers of their minds are starved by disuse. --Locke.
v 1: be hungry; go without food; "Let's eat--I'm starving!" [syn:
hunger, famish] [ant: be full]
2: die of food deprivation; "The political prisoners starved to
death"; "Many famished in the countryside during the
drought" [syn: famish]
3: deprive of food; "They starved the prisoners" [syn: famish]
4: have a craving, appetite, or great desire for [syn: crave,
hunger, thirst, lust]
5: deprive of a necessity and cause suffering; "he is starving
her of love"; "The engine was starved of fuel"