herb /ˈɝb, ||ˈhɚ/
herb /ˈ(h)ɝb/ 名詞
1. A plant whose stem does not become woody and permanent, but dies, at least down to the ground, after flowering.
Note: ☞ Annual herbs live but one season; biennial herbs flower the second season, and then die; perennial herbs produce new stems year after year.
2. Grass; herbage.
Grazing the tender herb. --Milton.
Herb bennet. Bot. See Bennet.
Herb Christopher Bot., an herb (Actaea spicata), whose root is used in nervous diseases; the baneberry. The name is occasionally given to other plants, as the royal fern, the wood betony, etc.
Herb Gerard Bot., the goutweed; -- so called in honor of St. Gerard, who used to be invoked against the gout. --Dr. Prior.
Herb grace, or Herb of grace. Bot. See Rue.
Herb Margaret Bot., the daisy. See Marguerite.
Herb Paris Bot., an Old World plant related to the trillium (Paris quadrifolia), commonly reputed poisonous.
Herb Robert Bot., a species of Geranium (Geranium Robertianum.)
n 1: a plant lacking a permanent woody stem; many are flowering
garden plants or potherbs; some having medicinal
properties; some are pests [syn: herbaceous plant]
2: aromatic potherb used in cookery for its savory qualities
(1.) Heb. 'eseb, any green plant; herbage (Gen. 1:11, 12, 29,
30; 2:5; 3:18, etc.); comprehending vegetables and all green
herbage (Amos 7:1, 2).
(2.) _Yarak_, green; any green thing; foliage of trees (2
Kings 19:26; Ps. 37:2); a plant; herb (Deut. 11:10).
(3.) _Or_, meaning "light" In Isa. 26:19 it means "green
herbs;" in 2 Kings 4:39 probably the fruit of some plant.
(4.) _Merorim_, plural, "bitter herbs," eaten by the
Israelites at the Passover (Ex. 12:8; Num. 9:11). They were
bitter plants of various sorts, and referred symbolically to the
oppression in Egypt.