1. A name or appellation which is added to, or over and above, the baptismal or Christian name, and becomes a family name.
Note: ☞ Surnames originally designated occupation, estate, place of residence, or some particular thing or event that related to the person; thus, Edmund Ironsides; Robert Smith, or the smith; William Turner. Surnames are often also patronymics; as, John Johnson.
2. An appellation added to the original name; an agnomen. “My surname, Coriolanus.”
Note: ☞ This word has been sometimes written sirname, as if it signified sire-name, or the name derived from one's father.
Sur·name v. t. [imp. & p. p. Surnamed p. pr. & vb. n. Surnaming.] To name or call by an appellation added to the original name; to give a surname to.
Another shall subscribe with his hand unto the Lord, and surname himself by the name of Israel. --Isa. xliv. 5.
And Simon he surnamed Peter. --Mark iii. 16.
n : the name used to identify the members of a family (as
distinguished from each member's given name) [syn: family
name, cognomen, last name]