ex·cess /ɪkˈsɛs, ˈɛkˌ/
1. The state of surpassing or going beyond limits; the being of a measure beyond sufficiency, necessity, or duty; that which exceeds what is usual or proper; immoderateness; superfluity; superabundance; extravagance; as, an excess of provisions or of light.
To gild refined gold, to paint the lily,
To throw a perfume on the violet, . . .
Is wasteful and ridiculous excess. --Shak.
That kills me with excess of grief, this with excess of joy. --Walsh.
2. An undue indulgence of the appetite; transgression of proper moderation in natural gratifications; intemperance; dissipation.
Be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess. --Eph. v. 18.
Thy desire . . . leads to no excess
That reaches blame. --Milton.
3. The degree or amount by which one thing or number exceeds another; remainder; as, the difference between two numbers is the excess of one over the other.
Spherical excess Geom., the amount by which the sum of the three angles of a spherical triangle exceeds two right angles. The spherical excess is proportional to the area of the triangle.
adj : more than is needed, desired, or required; "trying to lose
excess weight"; "found some extra change lying on the
dresser"; "yet another book on heraldry might be
thought redundant"; "skills made redundant by
technological advance"; "sleeping in the spare room";
"supernumerary ornamentation"; "it was supererogatory
of her to gloat"; "delete superfluous (or unnecessary)
words"; "extra ribs as well as other supernumerary
internal parts"; "surplus cheese distributed to the
needy" [syn: extra, redundant, spare, supererogatory,
superfluous, supernumerary, surplus]
n 1: a quantity much larger than is needed [syn: surplus, surplusage,
2: immoderation as a consequence of going beyond sufficient or
permitted limits [syn: excessiveness, inordinateness]
3: the state of being more than full [syn: surfeit, overabundance]
4: excessive indulgence; "the child was spoiled by
overindulgence" [syn: overindulgence]