psy·cho·anal·y·sis /ˌsaɪkə-/ 名詞
1. A method or process of psychotherapeutic analysis and treatment pf psychoneuroses, based on the work of Dr. Sigmund Freud (1856- 1939) of Vienna. The method rests upon the theory that neurosis is characteristically due to repression of desires consciously rejected but subconsciously persistent; it consists in a close analysis of the patient's mental history, effort being made to bring unconsciuos and preconscious material to consciousness; the methods include analysis of transferance and resistance. In some variants, stress is laid upon the dream life, and of treatment by means of suggestion.
-- Psy*cho*an*a*lyt*ic, a.; Psych*o*an*al*ist n., etc.
n : a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a
method of treating various mental disorders; based on the
theories of Sigmund Freud; "his physician recommended
psychoanalysis" [syn: analysis, depth psychology]