re·frac·to·ry /rɪˈfrækt(ə)rɪ/ 形容詞
1. Obstinate in disobedience; contumacious; stubborn; unmanageable; as, a refractory child; a refractory beast.
Raging appetites that are
Most disobedient and refractory. --Shak.
2. Resisting ordinary treatment; difficult of fusion, reduction, or the like; -- said especially of metals and the like, which do not readily yield to heat, or to the hammer; as, a refractory ore.
Syn: -- Perverse; contumacious; unruly; stubborn; obstinate; unyielding; ungovernable; unmanageable.
1. A refractory person.
2. Refractoriness. [Obs.]
3. OPottery) A piece of ware covered with a vaporable flux and placed in a kiln, to communicate a glaze to the other articles.
adj 1: resistant to authority or control; "as refractory as a mule"
2: not responding to treatment; "a stubborn infection"; "a
refractory case of acne" [syn: stubborn]
3: marked by stubborn resistance to and defiant of authority or
guidance; "a recalcitrant teenager"; "everything revolves
around a refractory individual genius" [syn: recalcitrant]
4: stubbornly resistant to authority or control; "a fractious
animal that would not submit to the harness"; "a
refractory child" [syn: fractious]
n : lining consisting of material with a high melting point;
used to line the inside walls of a furnace [syn: furnace