A·bate v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abated, p. pr. & vb. n. Abating.]
1. To beat down; to overthrow. [Obs.]
The King of Scots . . . sore abated the walls. --Edw. Hall.
2. To bring down or reduce from a higher to a lower state, number, or degree; to lessen; to diminish; to contract; to moderate; to cut short; as, to abate a demand; to abate pride, zeal, hope.
His eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated. --Deut. xxxiv. 7.
3. To deduct; to omit; as, to abate something from a price.
Nine thousand parishes, abating the odd hundreds. --Fuller.
4. To blunt. [Obs.]
To abate the edge of envy. --Bacon.
5. To reduce in estimation; to deprive. [Obs.]
She hath abated me of half my train. --Shak.
6. Law (a) To bring entirely down or put an end to; to do away with; as, to abate a nuisance, to abate a writ. (b) Eng. Law To diminish; to reduce. Legacies are liable to be abated entirely or in proportion, upon a deficiency of assets.
To abate a tax, to remit it either wholly or in part.