de·duc·tion /dɪˈdʌkʃən, di-/
1. Act or process of deducing or inferring.
The deduction of one language from another. --Johnson.
This process, by which from two statements we deduce a third, is called deduction. --J. R. Seely.
2. Act of deducting or taking away; subtraction; as, the deduction of the subtrahend from the minuend.
3. That which is deduced or drawn from premises by a process of reasoning; an inference; a conclusion.
Make fair deductions; see to what they mount. --Pope.
4. That which is or may be deducted; the part taken away; abatement; as, a deduction from the yearly rent in compensation for services; deductions from income in calculating income taxes.
Syn: -- See Induction.
n 1: a reduction in the gross amount on which a tax is
calculated; reduces taxes by the percentage fixed for
the taxpayer's income bracket [syn: tax write-off, tax
2: an amount or percentage deducted [syn: discount]
3: something that is inferred (deduced or entailed or implied);
"his resignation had political implications" [syn: entailment,
4: reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause
to effect) [syn: deductive reasoning, synthesis]
5: the act of subtracting (removing a part from the whole); "he
complained about the subtraction of money from their
paychecks" [syn: subtraction] [ant: addition]
6: the act of reducing the selling price of merchandise [syn: discount,