id·i·ot /ˈɪdɪət/ 名詞
1. A man in private station, as distinguished from one holding a public office. [Obs.]
St. Austin affirmed that the plain places of Scripture are sufficient to all laics, and all idiots or private persons. --Jer. Taylor.
2. An unlearned, ignorant, or simple person, as distinguished from the educated; an ignoramus. [Obs.]
Christ was received of idiots, of the vulgar people, and of the simpler sort, while he was rejected, despised, and persecuted even to death by the high priests, lawyers, scribes, doctors, and rabbis. --C. Blount.
3. A human being destitute of the ordinary intellectual powers, whether congenital, developmental, or accidental; commonly, a person without understanding from birth; a natural fool. In a former classification of mentally retarded people, idiot designated a person whose adult level of intelligence was equivalent to that of a three-year old or younger; this corresponded with an I.Q. level of approximately 25 or less.
Life . . . is a tale
Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
Signifying nothing. --Shak.
4. A fool; a simpleton; -- a term of reproach.
Weenest thou make an idiot of our dame? --Chaucer.
n : a person of subnormal intelligence [syn: imbecile, cretin,
moron, changeling, half-wit, retard]